However, they were stopped as people flooded onto the streets in support of the leader, who was democratically elected. The Turkish lira recovered against the USA dollar after dropping to a multimonth low on Friday.
About 1,500 finance ministry officials had been suspended, a ministry official said, and CNN Turk said 30 governors and more than 50 high-ranking civil servants had been dismissed. The faction of the military that launched the coup was seeking to block that process, he added.
President Recep Tayyip Erdogan vowed to purge state bodies of the "virus" that caused the revolt.
The European Union and United States say Turkey must respect democracy and human rights in its response to a failed coup.
On Monday, Secretary of State John Kerry said US compliance would require that Turkey present evidence.
In the wake of the failed coup, he has suggested restoring capital punishment, which was abolished in 2004.
"The people now have the idea, after so many terrorist incidents, that these terrorists should be killed, that's where they are, they don't see any other outcome to it", the Turkish leader said.
"We will certainly support bringing perpetrators of the coup to justice - but we also caution against a reach that goes well beyond that".
Former air force commander Akin Ozturk, alleged to be the ringleader of the uprising, was put under arrest following questioning by a magistrate along with 25 other suspects, the news agency said.
Turkey purged its police on Monday after rounding up thousands of soldiers, judges and prosecutors.
The army now risks losing its role as a political actor and becoming more of a traditional purely military force, said Marcou.
US -based cleric Fethullah Gulen, whose followers Turkey blames for a failed coup, is shown in still image taken from video, speaks to journalists at his home in Saylorsburg, Pennsylvania July 16, 2016.
"We were the first. during that tragic night to say that the legitimate institutions needed to be protected", she told reporters on arrival at an European Union foreign ministers meeting, which was also to be attended by U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry.
In a swipe at the increasingly authoritarian Erdogan, European Parliament president Martin Schulz said: "One man rule and arbitrary decisions are not acceptable in a country which is not only a strategic ally but also an accession candidate to the European Union".
But the Turkish government says it was gathering evidence of a "secretive organisation" working within state structures even before the failed coup.
Soner Cagaptay, an analyst with the Washington Institute for Near East Policy, said the coup will significantly disrupt the campaign against Islamic State because it has divided the Turkish military, with many officers allegedly involved in the plot coming from the air force and the gendarmerie. "We are the ones saying today rule of law has to be protected in the country", she said in Brussels.
Among Turkish journalists, who were already the subject of a backlash prior to the coup attempt, there were rumours of an imminent series of arrests.
Turkey's Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu described Hahn's comments as "unacceptable".
The armed forces are considered the guardians of the secular Turkish state created in 1923 by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, ready to act when the mainly Muslim nation's government takes on a religious hue.
"There was a list of people who were suspected of conspiring to stage a coup", the official said.
"The plan was to remove an important part of these people, the ones who were identified, during YAS meetings".
Three years ago when the AK Party government began its fight against Fethullah Gulen - a cleric in self-imposed exile in the United States, who was a close ally of Mr Erdogan for years - it began with the police department.