Reports vary, but the crackdown in Turkey appears to be widespread across professional fields, as the government seeks to root out opposition and more fully determine the perpetrators of last weekend's coup attempt.
The new measures are also expected to help the government cleanse the civil service of those it suspects of being sympathizers of Fethullah Gulen, a USA -based Turkish cleric and one-time ally of Erdogan, whose movement was designated a terrorist organization by the Ankara government in May. In Washington, the State Department confirmed that Washington did receive some "materials" from Ankara, but that it is working with the Justice Department to review and analyze "whether they constitute a formal extradition request".
A group of military personnel are detained in Turkey after the country's failed coup attempt.
Erdogan's government said it has fired almost 22,000 education ministry workers, mostly teachers, taken steps to revoke the licenses of 21,000 other teachers at private schools and sacked or detained half a dozen university presidents in a campaign to root out alleged supporters of a USA -based Muslim cleric blamed for the botched insurrection on Friday. "In one fell swoop it's a hollowing out of the state as a whole", she said - a purging of people in the military, the police, the judiciary, the prosecutorial ranks and at educational institutions, possibly to fill the ranks with AKP loyalists.
Turkey's Western allies have expressed solidarity with the government over the coup attempt but also alarm at the scale and swiftness of the response, urging the country to adhere to democratic values.
Addressing hundreds of supporters outside his Istanbul residence early Tuesday, Erdogan responded to calls for the reintroduction of the death penalty with the simple statement: "You can not put aside the people's demands".
Russian President Vladimir Putin called his Turkish counterpart Recep Tayyip Erdogan on Sunday, describing the attempted coup as unacceptable and voicing hope for a speedy return to stability.
The president's decision came following a meeting with his Cabinet ministers and top security advisers.
EPAFethullah Gulen lives in exile in the US
Erdogan said regional governors would receive increased powers under the state of emergency, adding that the armed forces would work in line with government orders.
Days after a failed coup attempt in Turkey, the country's jets carried out cross-border strikes against Kurdish rebel targets in northern Iraq, killing some 20 alleged militants, state media reported Wednesday. He also offered help for an investigation into the last week's failed coup.
National education officials announced this week that the board had ordered the resignation of 1,577 deans representing every university in Turkey.
A day earlier, the board demanded the resignations of 1,577 university deans, suggesting they may have had ties to the plotters behind Turkey's failed military coup last week, which Turkey's government has blamed on a USA -based cleric.
"The near-term economic impact of Friday night's attempted coup will depend on the length and severity of market dislocation, but at the very least the economy is likely to suffer a period of slower growth, and the lira will remain under pressure", said William Jackson, senior emerging markets economist at Capital Economics.
Under the emergency measure, the Turkish president and his ministers are allowed to bypass the parliament in passing new laws.
Gulen has categorically denied any involvement in the plot and has suggested it could have been staged by Erdogan himself to cement his grip on power, a theory that has been raised by other critics and some analysts, but dismissed as "nonsensical" by the president's spokesman.
In testimony published by the Hurriyet newspaper and corroborated by a Turkish official, an infantry lieutenant-colonel said the coup plotters had tried to persuade military chief Hulusi Akar, who was being held hostage, to join the effort to overthrow Erdogan but that he had refused.