Black holes can heat surrounding space gases to more than a million degrees, NASA says. This photo is essentially Chandra's version of the Hubble Deep Field image - the historic image that revealed hundreds of galaxy in a seemingly empty patch of space. These objects form after the death and collapse of stars much larger than the sun, and contain up to a few dozen solar masses. They estimate a billion such objects cover the entire sky. In addition, the "seeds" of these behemoths are likely quite heavy, with masses between 10,000 and 100,000 times that of the sun, researchers said.
"With this one wonderful picture, we can explore the earliest days of black holes in the Universe and see how they change over billions of years", said Niel Brandt, of Pennsylvania State University in University Park, Pa., and team leader of the astronomers who are now studying this historic cosmic view. While they can be some of the most massive objects in nature, they are distant objects that are hard to observe.
Black holes have always been an area of keen scientific interest, but they are known to absorb all light and matter as well as emit zero radiation, making it hard to image and detect them amid a black background in the vast space.
Chandra detects these black holes by spotting the X-ray radiation emitted by material spiraling toward the objects' event horizons, the points beyond which nothing, not even light, can escape. "Today, we can only guess what we will find".
NASA has taken a step forward to enhance its reach in the space and studying the extremely unusual phenomenon of the space, by announcing a special telescopic mission this week. This causes a distinct X-ray flare that can last for a few years.
Black holes are so freaky, they sound unreal. By measuring the distance of each of this Chandra dots, astronomers have worked out how old the black holes they represent are.
The space agency selected the Imaging X-ray Polarimetry Explorer mission out of three mission concepts that were chosen from a set of 14 offers that NASA received after it issued a request for proposals in 2014 through the Astrophysics Explorers Program, NASA said Wednesday. Interestingly, in the earliest epoch of the universe, two billion years after the Big Bang, these black holes didn't gain pass steadily, they seemed to go through dramatic growth spurts.