The move showed a "fundamental misunderstanding or lack of knowledge of the events in Syria, Russia's efforts to settle that crisis and the general objectives of diplomacy", the Russian foreign ministry said.
Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said the USA strike should be the start of a renewed effort to end the civil war, which has killed an estimated 400,000 people and displaced half of Syria's population.
Indeed, the dozens of cruise missiles launched from two US Navy ships reportedly did little to hamper Syria's air operations, as Syrian forces took off from the targeted airfield hours later.
Those comments came a day after the USA ambassador to the United Nations said there was no way to stabilise Syria with Mr Assad as president. "What America did is nothing but foolish and irresponsible behavior, which only reveals its short-sightedness and political and military blindness to reality", his office was quoted as saying.
Ford said the priority now should be deterring another use of chemical weapons in Syria.
British Foreign Minister Boris Johnson also had planned to visit Russian Federation this coming week, but decided Saturday to cancel the trip because of the fast moving events in Syria.
The escalation over Syria began Thursday after the us fired missiles at a government air base citing a suspected chemical weapons attack on a Syrian rebel-held town.
Syrian civil defense volunteers and relatives try to identify bodies of victims following reported air strikes by government forces in the rebel-held town of Douma on April 3.
The Senate's No. 2 Republican, John Cornyn of Texas, says Trump's move sends a strong message to rogue nations, and agrees that the US needs a broader strategy.
"I discussed these plans in detail with Secretary Tillerson", Johnson said, adding that the USA foreign minister would still visit Moscow as planned following the G7 meeting to "deliver that clear and co-ordinated message to the Russians".
If the worldwide community is successful in pushing for a diplomatic solution in Syria.
Turkey's Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said Ankara sees the US intervention in Syria as appropriate but not enough.
Telling the Syrian dictator in a phone call that the USA strike was a "blatant violation" of Syrian sovereignty. He will visit Moscow as planned and, following the G7 meeting, will be able to deliver that clear and coordinated message to the Russians.
It said 36 IS fighters have been killed in the fighting since Sunday. He made the comments in a report carried Friday by the semi-official ISNA news agency.
Turkey: Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said Turkey welcomed the airstrikes as a "positive response to the Assad regime's war crimes". "We are still paying the price", Alfano said, referring to the lawlessness that has ensued since the killing of longtime dictator Moammar Gadhafi and the subsequent flow of migrants to Europe via Italy.