Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Friday in a veiled dig at both Pakistan and China, called for joint efforts to eliminate terrorism even as he emphasised that connectivity projects should not impinge on a country's sovereignty.
The Prime Minister also strongly pitched for enhancing connectivity without impinging on sovereignty and territorial integrity.
"Paving the way for connection of members and observer countries of Shanghai world organization is a vital step that must be taken".
The meeting between both the leaders was first after India boycotted the high-profile Belt and Road Forum held in Beijing last month.
India abstained from the summit to highlight its concerns over the Dollars 50 billion China-Pakistan Economic Corridor which is part of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) and passes through Gilgit and Baltistan in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir.
The two leaders discussed bilateral relations, including trade and economic cooperation, and also current global issues during the meeting.
Asserting that the SCO expansion is taking place at an opportune time, Sharif said that Pakistan is diligently implementing the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) - a flagship of BRI. The two leaders met in the leaders' lounge at the opera house in Astana on Thursday, where they exchanged greetings.
The two leaders discussed the current situation in Afghanistan with specific reference to fighting terrorism, and promoting peace, stability and reconciliation there.
"We have full faith that SCO would give a new push to fight terrorism", he said.
The chance meeting of Prime Minister Modi and PM Sharif comes amidst a highly-strained atmosphere between the two neighbouring nations following the death sentence awarded to former Indian Naval Officer Kulbhushan Jadhav.