Aiming to be the world's "number one green economy", Hulot said gas and diesel-powered vehicles would be phased out over the course of the next two and a half decades, part of a larger effort to meet targets set by the Paris climate agreement.
As CityLab notes, while France isn't the first country to move towards banning gas- and diesel-powered auto sales, it's easily the most significant. The new government wants to make France a carbon neutral country by 2050.
France follows Norway, which will go all-electric in 2025.
And it's just one of several plans France has to become carbon neutral, which it hopes to do by 2050.
With its recent announcement, France joins a burgeoning global effort to reduce reliance on fossil fuel-powered cars. Hulot also said France would stop using coal-burning power plants by 2022; they now account for about five percent of the country's electrical power needs.
"We still do not know how we will achieve these objectives and respect these ambitious promises", Cormier said.
The 29-nation International Energy Agency (IEA), formed after the 1973 oil crisis, sees relatively modest growth, resulting in an eight percent market share - about 150 million vehicles - by 2040.
France has Europe's second-largest vehicle industry.
Later this week, electric auto company Tesla says its latest vehicle, the Model 3, will begin to roll off the production line.
The plans, which require parliamentary approval, are undertaken, Hulot said, "to demonstrate that fighting against climate change can lead to an improvement of French people's daily lives".