To qualify for the additional visas, petitioners must attest, under penalty of perjury, that their business is likely to suffer irreparable harm if it can not employ H-2B nonimmigrant workers during fiscal year 2017. In May, Congress gave Kelly authority to approve up to about 70,000 additional temporary visas and lawmakers had pleaded with him to issue more of them.
To apply for the additional visas, businesses must first attest that their firms would suffer permanent "irreparable harm" without importing foreign workers, and will be required to retain documents proving that they would not otherwise be able to meet their contractual obligations, the officials said.
This isn't the first time the federal government has issued additional H-2B visas after the annual cap was reached.
But Trump's golf resorts in Florida have used the visas to hire temporary guest workers, Reuters reported past year. The cancellation earlier this year of a provision that had exempted returning workers from being included in that cap had worsened the shortage.
The Trump administration promotes what it calls a "Hire American" policy and the president has repeatedly called for more limited immigration. "We will carefully review the details of the rule and communicate best next steps to our members to ensure they have the information necessary to quickly get approved seasonal workers to the U.S.to support full-time, domestic staff to operate at full capacity".
H-2B visas allow non-agricultural workers to gain temporary employment in the United States if businesses are unable to find qualified US workers.
"I have no idea if I'm even going to get a visa once they're processed", Diment said.
President Donald Trump campaigned on an "America First" platform of favoring Americans for hiring.
Trump has previously opposed allowing guest workers in the United States, though his Mar-a-Lago resort in Palm Beach, Fla., has used H-2B seasonal employees.
DHS officials are billing the extra visas as being in line with the theme of the week, too: "This does help with American businesses continuing to prosper", one said.
Trump said he has relied on the program in the past to find workers for his golf courses and hotels.
The hospitality industry, along with fisheries and others sectors, have actively lobbied for more temporary foreign workers. "There is no job that Americans will not do", said Senator Tom Cotton (R-Oklahoma) in a speech on the Senate floor.