China's fact sheet and India's response to it came on a day when it emerged that a meeting between Ajit Doval of India and Yang Jiechi of China on the border dispute last week did not yield any breakthrough on the Doklam standoff in Sikkim sector. It is said in the document that Indian troops have a real effort to change the status quo of "infiltration" border in Chinese area and it has weakened peace and harmony in the China-India border region.
Citing the 1890 border agreement between China and Britain, the ministry said that India's actions, besides being a major encroachment of Chinese territory, posed a challenge to peace and stability in the region and normal worldwide border. In the document, China rejected India's argument that road construction in India, China and Bhutan's Trisima (where the boundaries of the three countries meet) is a serious threat to the security of New Delhi.
"This makes it fundamentally different from past frictions between the border troops of the two sides in areas with undelimited boundary", the statement highlighted.
The document maintained that China had no issues with Bhutan and both sides were deliberating on the boundary issue and this was of no concern to India.
Beijing has been insisting India to withdraw its troops before a dialogue can begin on ending the confrontation.
The standoff at Doklam, the plateau close to Sikkim border, erupted on June 16, after the Indian forces prevented a road construction party of Indian Army to enter the region.
Amid the military stand-off between India and China at Doklam, Beijing today claimed there were around 400 Indian troops in the area "at one point", and by end of July there were 40 Indian border troops and one bulldozer "illegally staying over Chinese territory".
The statement said: "Over the years, Indian troops have constructed a large number of infrastructure facilities including roads at the Duo Ka La pass and its nearby areas on the Indian side of the boundary, and even built fortifications and other military installations on the boundary".
"India considers that peace and tranquillity in the India-China border areas is an important prerequisite for smooth development of our bilateral relations with China", said the Ministry of External Affairs spokesperson Raveesh Kumar.
The document dismissed Indian claims that China was attempting to change the status quo of the border region with the road.
It reiterated China's stand that its government "will take all necessary measures" to safeguard its rights and interests. "China, with all its attempts to expand its influence in South Asia, can not afford to alienate India by sending it toward a closer partnership with the United States in the security sphere", Kashin said.
Foreign ministry spokesman Geng Shuang said the paper was meant to "further explain to the global community the truth about Indian army's intrusion, and fully state the position of the Chinese government".
The fact sheet said China did not cross the boundary in its road building, and it notified India in advance in full reflection of China's goodwill. The Indian border troops have flagrantly crossed the mutually-recognized boundary to intrude into the Chinese territory and violated China's territorial sovereignty.