Under the Refugee Act of 1980, the White House must set the determination for refugee admissions every year - and Trump capped the number at 50,000 in January when he issued his executive order banning travel from seven majority-Muslim countries.
The US Supreme Court on Tuesday allowed President Donald Trump to implement broadly a ban on refugees entering the country from around the world.
Earlier on Tuesday the state of Hawaii, which challenged the policy, said in a court filing that the US government could still "bar tens of thousands of refugees from entering the country".
In essence, the apex court justices agreed to Trump administration's request to block a lower court ruling that aimed at easing the refugee ban, allowing up to 24,000 refugees to come into the country before the end of October. Here's a thumbnail version: In June, the justices let the ban go into effect for foreigners and refugees lacking "bona fide" relationships with people or entities in America.
The application said the quick implementation of the lower court's ruling "will disrupt the status quo and frustrate orderly implementation of the order's refugee provisions that this court made clear months ago could take effect".
The administration argued that by granting entry to any refugees who had been matched up with a resettlement agency in the USA, the lower court went far beyond the type of personal relationship Trump required.
In a brief order and with no dissents, the justices reversed rulings by a federal judge in Hawaii and the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals in San Francisco.
Had the court taken that action, it would have been the equivalent of a final victory for the Administration on its legal claim that those particular refugees have no right to enter the U.S. The federal appeals court decided last week that refugees with agreements could be allowed in, but this week, the Justice Department objected and requested another review, prompting the Supreme Court's statement on Tuesday.
The justices are due to hear arguments over the legality and constitutionality of Trump's executive order on October 10, in the second week of the court's new term.
Grandparents and cousins of people already in the US can't be excluded from the country under the travel bans, as the Trump administration had wanted.
On Tuesday, the full court said it had granted the administration's appeal.