The Trump administration's new "immigration principles and policies" call for a crackdown on border security, more resources to catch individuals residing in the country illegally, as well as a merit-based system that limits chain migration to spouses and children.
The proposals include funding for a southern border wall and are likely to be rebuked by Democrats.
But Trump administration officials say the president will insist on their passage in exchange for supporting legislation that would extend the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program, known as DACA.
The Trump administration released its set of immigration priorities Sunday night that it wants included in any proposal that involves protecting so-called Dreamers.
The White House wants funding for a border wall, additional immigration enforcement personnel, and a crackdown on unaccompanied minors arriving in the USA, mainly from Central American countries.
DACA comprises of about 690,000 immigrants, however, each of their permits will be reaching expiration date effective March. The demands were quickly denounced by Democratic leaders in Congress, who had hoped to forge a deal with Mr Trump to protect younger immigrants. These recipients of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program, often called "Dreamers", have been the focal point of recent talks between Trump and Democratic leaders of Congress.
Democrats quickly opposed the plan saying it goes against the deal they struck with the President to protect so-called "Dreamers", immigrants brought to the US illegally as children.
And he seeks to curb the ability of American citizens to sponsor family members to join them from overseas, increase money for border security and require employers to use the government's E-Verify system to make sure workers they hire are legal residents.
Democrats and immigration activists also want any deal to include a pathway to citizenship for Dreamers.
Trump's tense relationship with Tillerson burst into public view last week.
One source familiar with the deliberations described the policies last week as a "wish list" of Trump's senior policy adviser Stephen Miller, an immigration hard-liner and former Senate staffer for Attorney General Jeff Sessions. "This plan will work", Sessions said in a statement. "We told the president at our meeting that we were open to reasonable border security measures alongside the DREAM Act, but this list goes so far beyond what is reasonable". The Donald Trump administration wants to reverse Obama's permission to them to stay and work in the country.
During the 2016 presidential campaign, then-candidate Trump said he would terminate the program.