A systematic review published last week in The Lancet Planetary Health found that interventions that restrict antibiotic use in food-producing animals reduced antibiotic-resistant bacteria in these animals by up to 39 per cent.
Professor Alison Holmes, Director of the NIHR HRPU in Healthcare Associated Infection and Antimicrobial Resistance, said: "Antibiotic resistance is a serious global threat and we are already seeing its impact first hand in the NHS". They are more commonly found in a hospital environment and they are very hard to treat.
Taking antibiotics encourages harmful bacteria that live inside you to become resistant.
Respondents over the age of 75 are the least likely to ask for antibiotics with just 13% saying they'd ask for these medicines to treat a cold or flu.
Neils Stegelmeier, a freshman studying animal science, said he and his fellow students are testing the bacteria they find in the soil for antibiotic properties.
Colin Cox, Cumbria County Council's Director of Public Health, said: "Antibiotic resistance is not a distant threat, but is in fact one of the most unsafe crises facing us today". Patients can talk to their health care professionals if they any questions about their antibiotics or have developed side effects.
"Without urgent action from all of us, common infections, minor injuries and routine operations will become much riskier".
BEVA is a consistent campaigner for the responsible use of antibiotics; a year ago it introduced the BEVA Antibiotic Champion Award to encourage members to document their efforts to reduce the use of critically important antibiotics.
The "Keep Antibiotics Working" campaign urges residents in Cumbria to always trust their doctor, nurse or pharmacist's advice as to when they need antibiotics and if they are prescribed, take antibiotics as directed and never save them for later use or share them with others.
The medical group strongly advises against the sharing of left-over antibiotics between family and friends or using left over antibiotics from a previous illness.
Without effective antimicrobials for prevention and treatment of infections, medical procedures such as organ transplantation, cancer chemotherapy, diabetes management and major surgery (for example, caesarean sections or hip replacements) become very high risk. The public has a critical role to play and can help by taking collective action.