This requires internet providers to allow everyone the opportunity to equal speeds as well as all content on the internet.
Pai - a free-market advocate who has staked his FCC chairmanship on deregulation - has argued that the FCC's 2015 rules have depressed companies' investments in building and expanding broadband networks and deterred them from coming up with new consumer-friendly business models.
Proponents of net neutrality protest against Federal Communication Commission Chairman Ajit Pai outside the American Enterprise Institute before his arrival in Washington, DC. Pai opened a public-comment period earlier this year, and this week scheduled a vote for December 12.
"It's a signature accomplishment for Pai's chairmanship", said Fred Campbell, director of the conservative think tank Tech Knowledge.
"But in 2015, the prior FCC bowed to pressure from President Obama".
"We're much more anxious about the opposite, that smaller players will get squeezed out by larger players who have the resources to buy what's really an acceptable level of service, and they're going to get stuck with an unacceptable level of service", Dillon said.
But Pai's announcement set off a firestorm of criticism from 'nternet companies and activists who vowed to hold demonstrations ahead of the FCC's vote.
Ajit Pai is clearly still working for Verizon, not the public.
The comment system allows the public to weigh in on any proposed rule changes - the FCC was looking at changing net neutrality rules - and under federal law, the agency has to take those comments into consideration. The agency regulates radio frequencies (for those who remember the 1990 film "Pump Up the Volume") and television content (see: George Carlin's "Seven Words You Can Never Say" bit).
"In today's digital age, the rules that govern the operation and delivery of internet service to hundreds of millions of Americans are critical to the economic and social well-being of the nation", Schneiderman wrote. Now, in a report via the Guardian, they have formally revealed their plans. The FCC has released their proposal for what will be taking its place and it's basically cable TV packages for the internet. In recent years, companies such as AT&T have tried offering discounts on Internet service as long as consumers agree to let the company monitor their Web browsing history and some other user details.
Meanwhile, Commissioner Mignon I. Clyburn rejected Pai's proposal because it would give a greenlight to the largest ISPs to engage in anti-consumer practices.
Net neutrality is the concept that all internet traffic should be treated equally, no matter what internet service provider is carrying it. We will do everything within our power to keep the internet open and accessible for all. Maureen Ohlhausen, the acting chairman of the FTC, has said that the agency's expertise in data security and privacy issues will make it a powerful defender of US consumers.
What changes does the FCC want? According to data analytics firm Gravwell, only about 3.9 million (17.4 percent) of the more than 22 million public comments submitted to the FCC were unique; most came from bots programmed to oppose net neutrality.
The FCC's proposal also puts additional pressure on Capitol Hill, where some lawmakers have called for federal legislation that would supersede any FCC rules.