Democratic Rep. Al Green, who has repeatedly called for the president's removal, introduced two articles of impeachment against Trump on Wednesday.
But despite the statement, 58 Democrats voted in support of removing Trump from office.
The vote was never expected to be successful.
Only two presidents have been impeached in the House: Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton. Meanwhile, leading Democrats have cautioned against raising the issue.
Green's impeachment articles cite incidents including Trump's defense of protesters after a rally of white supremacists at this year's riot in Charlottesville, Virginia.
For Democrats, the GOP's procedural motion to table Green's resolution forced them into the awkward position of having to go on the record on a politically fraught impeachment motion. As part of the process, Green appeared on the House floor Wednesday at noon to present articles of impeachment against the president. The first said that Trump has "harmed the society of the United States... by associating the majesty and dignity of the presidency with causes rooted in white supremacy, bigotry, racism, anti-Semitism, white nationalism, or neo-Nazism" on multiple occasions.
"For too long, we have allowed our civility to prevent us from confronting the invidious incivility of President Donald J. Trump", Green wrote in a letter to colleagues on Tuesday. Leading Democrats remain unwilling to impeach Trump while the Russian Federation investigation is ongoing.
House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi said that while Trump has made several statements and taken actions "that are beyond the pale for most Americans", it was important to allow congressional committees probing Russian meddling in the U.S. election and possible Trump campaign collusion to proceed with their work. At the top of the list was Trump's executive order banning the arrival of nationals from several Muslim-majority countries and his attempt to ban transgender people from the military. Green's articles did not reference the investigations. "My view is that he has to be held accountable and the question is how best to do that", Welch said of Trump.
"Legitimate questions have been raised about his fitness to lead this nation", Pelosi and Democratic Minority Whip Steny Hoyer said in a statement following the vote.
"Right now, congressional committees continue to be deeply engaged in investigations into the president's actions both before and after his inauguration", Pelosi said. And those inquiries should be allowed to continue.
"Now is not the time to consider articles of impeachment", they added. The answer is: "impeachment for his high misdemeanors, which need not be a crime".