On Monday, a major from the IDF Prosecution had countered to the Judea Military Court that Tamimi has "a pattern of lawbreaking" which required that she remain in detention until the end of her trial for shoving soldiers and rock throwing.
These charges "highlight that these court proceedings have nothing to do with seeking justice or enforcing their laws", Mariam Barghouti, a local journalist and activist told Al Jazeera. The indictment covers six incidents in recent months in which she was involved in altercations with Israeli soldiers, including the December 15 incident that was captured on video and went viral on social media.
Ahed Tamimi is the most aggressive of the two in the video.The heavily armed soldiers do not respond in the face of what appears to be an attempt to provoke rather than seriously harm them.
Her mother was arrested over the incident on the same day, while her cousin Nour Tamimi, 20, was arrested on December 20.
Nour Tamimi was released on bail on January 5 while Nariman Tamimi remains in custody. The three were each charged with aggravated assault of soldiers, with additional charges lodged against the mother and daughter for other incidents over the past two years.
The UN Office for the High Commissioner for Human Rights has also criticized Israel for how it is dealing with Tamimi.
She said Tamimi's message was "Trump needs to take responsibility" for a negative decision which led to an outcry of Palestinian protests.
"Israel is clearly, brazenly flouting its obligations under global law to protect children from overly harsh criminal punishments", said Magdalena Mughrabi of Amnesty worldwide. The Israeli army routinely uses excessive force against protesters and bystanders, and has in many cases deliberately damaged private property. Shortly before, her 15-year-old cousin was severely wounded after Israeli forces shot him point-blank in the face with a rubber bullet.
Ahed's father, Bassem Tamimi - a former Amnesty prisoner of conscience - has recently been banned from leaving the country.
The Tamimi family are well-known activists in Nabi Saleh, and have led the village's non-violent resistance for almost a decade. Beyond the events seen in the video, she is also accused of throwing stones, incitement and making threats.
There are now some 350 Palestinian children in Israeli prisons and detention centres, according to local human rights organisations.
Seventeen Palestinians have been killed since Trump s declaration on December 6, a lot of them in clashes with Israeli forces.
The organization noted that the NGOs advocating for Tamimi's release regularly attack the military courts, claiming inherent bias. The judges and the prosecution in these cases are part of the Israeli military.