China's Defence Ministry spokesman Ren Guoqiang said in a statement in Beijing on Sunday that the report exaggerates the threat of China's nuclear force.
"We hope the USA will discard its 'cold-war mentality, ' shoulder its own special and primary responsibility for nuclear disarmament, understand correctly China's strategic intentions and take a fair view on China's national defense and military development".
The review of USA nuclear policy has already riled Russian Federation, which viewed the document as confrontational, and raised fears that it could increase the risk of miscalculation between the two countries.
"The US Nuclear Posture Review reflects greater reliance on nukes in violation of the #NPT, bringing humankind closer to annihilation", Zarif said on the social network.
"The United States already possesses a diverse array of nuclear capabilities, and there is no evidence that more usable weapons will strengthen deterrence of adversaries or compel them to make different choices about their arsenals", Mr. Kimball wrote on the group's website. China has also long maintained it will never allow first use of its atomic weapons. "The United States, the country that owns the world's largest nuclear arsenal, should take the initiative to follow the trend instead of going against it", the statement read.
"Correcting this mistaken Russian perception is a strategic imperative", according to the review.
Trump mentioned some of the policy goals of the report Tuesday while pointing toward North Korea.
All of these additions and advancements will slowly raise the cost of nuclear deterrence from 2.7 percent of the Defense Department's budget today to 6.4 percent of the department's budget in 2029.
The Chinese government has criticized a Pentagon document known as the "Nuclear Posture Review", which outlines the strategy to expand USA nuclear capacity and identifies China - along with Russia, Iran and North Korea - as potential nuclear adversaries. The review also emphasized the possibility of a nuclear launch to respond to a non-nuclear attack, such as a debilitating cyber attack or one that causes significant damage to United States infrastructure such as the power grid. Specific modernization efforts outlined include: completing the B61-12 bomb life extension program by 2024, completing W88 warhead alterations by 2024, synchronizing the National Nuclear Security Administration's W80-4 warhead life extension with the Pentagon's long-range standoff cruise missile, advancing the W78 warhead replacement by one year, sustaining the B83-1 bomb beyond its retirement date, and exploring new ballistic missile warhead requirements including a possible common re-entry system for USAF and Navy systems.