After a Los Angeles-based scientist backed out of the documentary, Fogel was referred to Grigory Rodchenkov, head of Russia's anti-doping program, to help administer hormone injections and smuggle his urine samples to Russian Federation for testing.
Fogel and producer Dan Cogan accepted the Oscar at the Dolby Theatre in Los Angeles, with the former claiming he hoped the documentary was a "wake-up call". Rodchenko left Russian Federation for the US with a computer hard drive full of incriminating evidence that Russia's Olympics team was extensively doping and using an elaborate evasion system to avoid testing positive test deployed since the 2014 Sochi Games.
The filmmakers dedicated their win to Russian chemist Grigory Rodchenkov who became a whistleblower helping the filmmakers and anti-doping officials expose the scheme while putting himself in danger. "We hope Icarus is a wake-up call - yes, about Russian Federation, but more importantly, about telling the truth".
The evidence presented by Rodchenkov and Fogel was instrumental in Russia's ban from the 2018 Winter Olympic Games.
On Sunday, Fogel was relentless in his attacks against Bach.
Fogel interviewed the eccentric scientist for seven months and pored through his documents before they shared the story with The New York Times previous year.
"That man should be embarrassed and ashamed of himself, he needs to resign".
The film I, Tonya, about the figure skating scandal involving Tonya Harding and Nancy Kerrigan, secured one Oscar.
Allison Janney triumphed in the best supporting actress category, while Margot Robbie was a nominee for the best actress.