1, 2018 by the Syrian anti-government activist group Ghouta Media Center, which has been authenticated based on its contents and other AP reporting, shows Syrians inspecting destroyed buildings in Douma, after airstrikes and shelling by Syrian government forces hit in the eastern Ghouta region near Damascus, Syria.
Wael Olwan, of the Failaq al-Rahman (the Rahman Legion), a major armed group linked to the Free Syrian Army in Eastern Ghouta, said on Wednesday that Moscow insists on using military escalation as a means to cause "mass displacement".
Russian Major-General Vladimir Zolotukhin said the Syrian government had opened a corridor for civilians to leave the area.
"There are no negotiations about this subject", Hamza Birqdar told Reuters in a text message, referring to Russia's offer to provide rebels and their families safe passage out of besieged Eastern Ghouta.
It was only the second convoy so far in 2018 to reach the area, where the United Nations says 400,000 residents were already running out of food and medicine even before the bombing campaign began.
"Russia conducted 20 bombing missions in Damascus and Eastern Ghouta the week of February 24".
The fate of Eastern Ghouta reflects the "siege, starve and surrender" Assad playbook in several other urban battles in Syria's complex conflict.
"But the children of Douma and the children of eastern Ghouta unfortunately do, and that's what makes the situation very, very dramatic", he said. Western powers, however, blame the Syrian government and Russian Federation for the crisis.
The United Nations estimates 400,000 people are trapped under a government siege in the area.
It came as it emerged that children inside eastern Ghouta are surviving on a single meal a day of boiled wheat mixed with sugar.
Ministry spokesman Hami Aksoy said Tuesday that the camps would be built in a zone controlled by Turkish-backed forces, as well as in Idlib province where Turkish forces are trying to establish a "de-escalation zone" under an agreement reached between Turkey, Russia and Iran.
Aksoy said the camps would host a total of 170,000 people.
Turkey views the main Kurdish militia in Afrin as an extension of the Kurdish insurgency within its own borders.