PRL, described as the cradle of space sciences in India, conducts fundamental research in a host of physical sciences including astronomy and space. The gravitational pull by any planet caused its sun-like stars to wobble around their common center of mass.
This discovery has been considered important as it is going to help for understanding the super-Neptune.
The next red dwarf is known as K2-240 and has two Super-Earth like planets, and they are twice the size of our plane.
They spent a year a half at PRL's Gurushikhar Observatory in Mount Abu, India, studying the changes in light coming from the planet's host star, EPIC 211945201 or K2-236, and performing an independent confirmation of its mass. It is seven times closer to the star as compared to the distance between the Earth and the Sun. A PARAS is a special kind of spectrograph that has a 1.2m telescope to locate such space objects.
Paras spectrograph has also made independent measurements of the mass of the planet body as data from Nasa's K2 (Kepler2) photometry could not confirm the nature of the system.
The atmospheric temperatures around red stars are 3,450 and 3,800 K respectively. These type of spectrographs exist mostly in the U.S. and in the Europe that can do such precise measurements. PRL scientists, who observed the target for about 1.5 years with the spectrograph, made calculations which suggested that heavy elements like ice, silicates and iron content make 60%-70% of the total mass.
The quest to find life beyond Earth has led to the discovery of two new planetary systems.
Though unique in its own way, this "epic" planet is one of 22 other confirmed exoplanet systems with the same dimensions. This is what they have so far discovered. They will also determine masses, densities and other physical properties of the planets that have found by using the ESPRESSO instrument (which is installed in the Very Large Telescope) at the European Southern Observatory (ESO).
The scientists added that the temperature of the planet was roughly 600 degrees Celsius due to its proximity to its host star.