Previous occasions were against Syria and against North Korea for the assassination of Kim Jong-nam, the half brother of leader Kim Jong-un, who died when highly toxic VX nerve agent was rubbed on his face at Kuala Lumpur airport.
The US is to impose sanctions on Russia after determining that it used nerve agent against former Russian double agent Sergei Skripal and his daughter, Yulia, in the United Kingdom in March.
Police think the novichok was sprayed or smeared on their front doorknob with a perfume bottle.
A senior State Department official said Wednesday that Russian Federation could face another round of "more Draconian" sanctions within 90 days unless it provides "reliable assurances" it is no longer using chemical or biological weapons.
"We grew accustomed to not hearing any facts or evidence".
The U.S. announcement fueled already worsening investor sentiment about the possible effect of more U.S. sanctions on Russian assets and the rouble slid by over 1 percent on Thursday against the dollar, a day after falling toward its lowest level in almost two years. "No answer has followed so far". Royce and other lawmakers have accused the administration of dragging its feet on making Wednesday's determination.
The administration acted on the same mandate in 2017, imposing new sanctions on North Korea after a chemical attack in the global airport in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, killed the estranged half brother of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un.
PA Wire/PA Images Yulia Skripal, who was contaminated with the nerve agent Novichok along with her father Sergei Skripal.
"Vladimir Putin must know that we will not tolerate his deadly acts, or his ongoing attacks on our democratic process", Royce said.
The announcement in Washington was likely to intensify troubles for the ruble, which took a hit Wednesday along with the stock market over rumors of separate new tough U.S. sanctions over election meddling. His administration has sanctioned a number of Russian officials and oligarchs for human rights abuses and election meddling. In all, 150 Russian diplomats were kicked out of more than two dozen Western countries, including 60 from the United States. The U.S. said at the time it was the largest expulsion of Russian spies in American history.
Sanctions waivers are in place for certain key sectors, including space flight activities and commercial aviation safety, the official said.