The announcement follows Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan's call for a boycott of USA electronics, including Apple's iPhones to counter Trump's actions to ramp up pressure on Turkey to release Brunson.
Turkish Vice President Fuat Oktay said on Twitter that the measures were in response to "the deliberate attack of the USA administration on our economy".
The two North Atlantic Treaty Organisation allies are at an impasse regarding the detention of an American pastor, differing views on Syria, and Turkey's purchase of Russian military equipment.
U.S. President Donald Trump and his vice president Mike Pence have repeatedly called for the pastor's release and have sanctioned two Turkish ministers after a Turkish court moved him to house arrest after 21 months in prison.
The Turkish government has doubled its retaliatory tariffs on American cars to 120% and on alcoholic drinks to 140%, according to a notice published Wednesday.
Tariffs were also increased on other USA goods, including cosmetics, rice and coal.
The decision shows Turkey giving a proportionate response to American "attacks" on the Turkish economy, Vice President Fuat Oktay said in a tweet.
Turkey's lira has plummeted almost 40 percent this year due to concerns over Erdogan's growing influence on the economy.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan speaks during a news conference Tuesday at the presidential palace in Ankara.
Erdogan also said that the country could depend on Venus and Vestel, two of Turkey's domestic smartphone brands.
Sanders said even if Brunson is released, USA tariffs on steel would remain. Brunson's lawyer told Reuters that the appeal could be heard sooner that the usual three to seven days.
He was also charged with supporting the outlawed Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), which was designated as a terrorist organization by Turkey and the U.S.
"Theirs are out of retaliation", White House spokeswoman Sarah Sanders told reporters. Germany, France and the United Kingdom together with European Union institutions have already taken strong measures against US sanctions on Iran and declared that Brussels and member states will not let Washington put pressure on European Union companies.
The local court in Izmir rejected Brunson's appeal to be released while his trial is pending. Exchange rates have become a tool for Washington to force Turkey to accept its illegal demands.
On Tuesday the lira recovered some ground, trading at 6.3300 to the dollar at 1947 GMT, up some 9 per cent from the previous day's close and having earlier touched 6.2995. That fueled a relatively high rate of economic growth-7 percent past year.
"They are squeezing lira liquidity out of the system now and pushing interest rates higher", said Cristian Maggio, head of emerging markets strategy at TD Securities.
Andrew Brunson's continued detention with charges of terrorism and espionage was cited as the basis of U.S. sanctions on two Turkish ministers on 1 August, which was followed by a doubling on 10 August of USA tariffs on Turkish steel and aluminium to 50% and 20% respectively.
As NPR explained in a primer on the dispute, much of the ill will shared by Turkey and the US stems not only from the back-and-forth on tariffs, but also from a diplomatic dust-up centered on two men of faith.
Erdogan spoke on the phone with German Chancellor Angela Merkel on Wednesday, the Turkish presidency said while he is due to speak with French President Emmanuel Macron on Thursday.