The bill signed Tuesday will replace bail with a risk-assessment system, although it's still unclear how the system will work. Those not eligible for pretrial release will be offenders facing serious violent felonies.
New Jersey and New Mexico have overhauled their bail systems as well, although neither state has completely eliminated the money aspect.
Assemblyman Phil Ting (D-San Francisco) said he introduced the bill in response to the shooting at a high school in Parkland, Fla., in which a 19-year-old former student allegedly killed 17 people.
"[Senate Bill 10] sets up a system that allows judges almost unlimited discretion to order people accused of crimes, but not convicted and presumptively innocent, to be held in jail with no recourse until their case is solved", wrote a delegation of criminal justice reform advocates to the governor.
Gina Clayton Johnson, executive director of Essie Justice Group, which advocates for women with family members in prison, says she worries the policy will lead to mass incarceration.
And there's the end to the state's bail bond industry. "Yet what we had to trade for that win actually sets us further back". People with normal income levels and below who can't pay sky-high bails are often forced to choose between taking a plea deal for a crime they may not have committed or sitting in jail for weeks or months before their case goes to trial.
Such arguments are playing out in New Mexico after a judge chose to allow the release of several members of an extended family accused of child abuse at a desert compound.
Her decision has caused political uproar.
The governor has waited almost four decades to revamp the state's cash bail system.
It gives officials 24 hours to determine whether a suspect should be released before trial. It creates rules and procedures to ensure consistency across the state. Instead, local courts will decide who to keep in custody and whom to release while they await trial. That time can be extended by 12 hours if necessary.