"For example, China's BeiDou navigation system could be integrated with Russia's Glonass global navigation satellite system, which will challenge the dominance of the US' Global Positioning System".
All of them - defense related firms, officers of the GRU military intelligence agency, and people associated with the St. Petersburg-based Internet Research Agency disinformation group - have been on previous USA sanctions lists and 28 of them have already been indicted by Russian Federation election meddling investigator Robert Mueller.
Earlier on Friday, Russia also lashed out over the new sanctions, warning the USA was "playing with fire".
Moscow and Beijing lashed out on Friday at Washington's new anti-Russian sanctions that also target China for the first time, warning the United States could face consequences.
They also restrict EDD's access to global financial markets by blocking foreign exchange transactions under United States jurisdiction or any transactions in the USA financial system.
The penalties were applied under a law that requires the USA to sanction anyone undertaking significant transactions with certain people affiliated with Russian intelligence and military services, including arms manufacturers.
The U.S. sanctions have "seriously violated the basic norms of global relations and seriously damaged the relations between China and the United States", Foreign Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang told reporters on Friday.
Mr. Peskov said that "Washington's continued sanctions hysterics" dealt a new blow to the U.S. -Russia ties but could not immediately say if Moscow would retaliate, or how. "We strongly urge the U.S.to immediately correct their mistake and withdraw their so-called sanctions, otherwise the USA will have to bear the consequences".
Moscow said Washington was rocking global stability and said sarcastically that placing sanctions on Russian Federation has become Washington's favourite "pastime".
"The ultimate target of these sanctions is Russian Federation".
"CAATSA sanctions in this context are not meant to undermine the defence capabilities of any particular country", the official said.
The sanctions were enacted "to further impose costs on the Russian government in response to its malign activities", Nauert said in the statement.
"I am sure that these contracts will be executed in line with the schedule", Franz Klintsevich, a Russian member of parliament, was quoted as saying by Russia's Interfax news agency. "It appears that it has become a sort of national pastime there", Ryabkov said.
When asked about the sanctions' possible impact on US-China military relations, Pentagon spokesperson Lieutenant Colonel Christopher Logan told the South China Morning Post that "the Department of Defense won't speculate on potential impacts these sanctions could have on mil-mil relations".
The EDD's primary aim is to improve China's military tech and procurement.
"We will continue to vigorously implement CAATSA and urge all countries to curtail relationships with Russia's defense and intelligence sectors, both of which are linked to malign activities worldwide", the State Department said. He also said Moscow needed Chinese money and Beijing wanted advanced military technology.
"This is a significant step", the administration official said.
US officials have been discussing the issue particularly with North Atlantic Treaty Organisation ally Turkey, which wants to buy the Russian-made S-400 surface-to-air missile batteries. It can target stealth warplanes, such as the Pentagon's latest F-35 fighter jet.