The government said that California sought to "second-guess" the federal government and warned "the effect of this state legislation would be to nullify federal law across the country".
Supporters of Net Neutrality, Toyah and Lance Brown Eyes, protest the FCC's decision to repeal the program in Los Angeles, California, November 28, 2017. As you would expect, large internet service providers, like AT&T, Verizon, and Comcast, oppose the California Net Neutrality law.
They had cheered California's attempt to force the Obama-era rules back into effect through state legislation.
The bill signed by Brown highlighted a six-year study conducted by Credit Suisse of more than 2,000 companies worldwide that showed having women on boards was linked to improved business performance for key metrics, including stock performance.
U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions says he will defend the federal government's position.
The department filed a lawsuit against the state, alleging the new piece of legislation is "unlawful and anti-consumer". It also specifically prohibits ISPs from charging online services access fees to reach customers, otherwise known as paid prioritization.
"This is a big day for net neutrality", said Robert Cruickshank, campaign director at the advocacy group Demand Progress. "Rather than 50 states stepping in with their own conflicting open internet solutions, we need Congress to step up with a national framework for the whole internet ecosystem and resolve this issue once and for all".
According to the National Conference of State Legislature, Oregon, Vermont and Washington have enacted their own net neutrality laws and governors in six states have signed executive orders affirming some degree of net neutrality.
Many conservatives and FCC Chairman Ajit Pai have also spoken out against net neutrality, arguing it would do more harm than good. The majority of Americans want the rules to return, and many states are attempting to legislate net neutrality. The Department of Justice says that the new California law goes against the federal governments desire to deregulate the internet by creating anti-consumer requirements.
"We are confident that we will prevail in this case - because the facts are on our side", Sessions said.
California IoT security bill criticized by security researcher. Of course, USA carriers were not celebrating. In a court filing for an injunction, the Justice Department said that companies "cannot realistically comply with one set of standards in this area for California and another for the rest of the nation - especially when Internet communications frequently cross multiple jurisdictions".
"We've been down this road before: when Trump and Sessions sued Calif. and claimed we lacked the power to protect immigrants".