Canadian physicist Donna Strickland is the first woman to win the Nobel Prize in physics in 55 years, and the last one in 1963 was referred to by a local newspaper as a "San Diego mother" in its coverage.
The other research honored by the prize - the invention by Arthur Ashkin of a way to use lasers to manipulate tiny objects - has let scientists study how proteins operate in the body and how they interact, Moloney said.
At 96, Prof Ashkin is the oldest person ever to win a Nobel and will share the prize of about nine million Swedish krona (€865,000) with Prof Strickland and Dr Mourou.
"Obviously, we need to celebrate women physicists because we're out there and hopefully in time it will start to move forward at a faster rate maybe", she said.
Commenting on her achievements, she emphasized how she "tries to think outside of the box".
It recognises their discoveries in the field of laser physics.
"This is now a development that we can already see could be of importance for cancer therapy", said Mats Larsson, a member of the physics Nobel committee. He succeeded in getting laser light to push small particles towards the centre of the beam and to hold them there.
A breakthrough came in 1987 when he used the new optical tweezers to grab living bacteria without harming them. New opportunities for observing and controlling the machinery of life have been created.
But Strickland, who co-developed with Mourou "a method of generating high-intensity, ultra-short optical pulses", is still an associate professor at her university, a relatively low academic rank-at least as newly minted Nobel laureates go.
Her field of research is all about "who has the shortest pulse, the most energy, the highest average power", she told the University of Waterloo in 2011.
Mourou and Strickland "paved the way" for the most intense laser beams ever created by humans via a technique that stretches and then amplifies the light beam.
It is then passed to through a gain medium, a material that increases the amplitude of the laser waves by a million times or more, and then compressed. And the optical pulses of Mourou and Strickland have made numerous applications possible, notably laser eye surgery. Such lasers are now used in corrective eye operations.
The statement said there are still innumerable areas of application that have not yet been completely explored.
He was also accused of raping her during the night of December 2-3 the same year while she was asleep, but was acquitted on that charge. "Since we get to know how they happened, we are able to steer it (the process), and we can use our knowledge to design what is going to happen".
Lars Heikensten, the head of the Nobel Foundation, has warned that if the Swedish Academy does not resolve its tarnished image his agency could decide that another group would be a better host.
"I will also admit, sorry, I actually called her he in my thesis". But the Nobel Prize has made special efforts to identify women scientists to be nominated for the prize.