Just under half, or 35.4 million people, have died from AIDS-related illnesses.
"The shame is actually the bigger problem because people don't want to talk about it, they don't want to get tested, and that is what inevitably leads to the more spreading of HIV", Castrejana said. 75% of all people living with HIV knew their HIV status in 2017. In 2017, 9.4 million people were simply unaware that they are living with a potentially deadly, but treatable, disease. If the drugs are stopped, or not taken at the right time each day, the HIV virus takes advantage of this and starts to make copies of itself again. World Health Organization first recommended HIV self-testing in December 2016.
A total of 627 people, 323 males and 304 females have been detected HIV positive till date, said Bhutan's Health Ministry. And people who are HIV Positive and have access to treatment can now be sure that they will remain healthy and that their partners are protected. Professor Strathdee says people who are hungry or need shelter are more concerned about their immediate needs than they are about HIV.
Subsidized HIV testing kits available in campus vending machines cost less than five dollars.
TCE Field Officers and volunteers build relationships with communities to provide access to HIV testing in hard-to-reach areas and among the at-risk populations.
Lloyd Russell Moyle said there is still stigma surrounding HIV
For local sexual health workers, their hard work has paid off. They are connected with healthcare providers to improve treatment uptake, and TCE Field Officers undertake follow-up services at the peoples homes. "Now we're so diverse - it used to be 80 per cent gay men with a little sprinkling of people who use drugs and a few heterosexual women and men", he said. This means he's been taking antiretroviral treatment, to reduce the amount of the virus in his body to a level that's undetectable.
"This year, six cases of AIDS have been registered in the Kurdistan Region, and 23 foreigners were deported to their countries for having AIDS following their blood tests", he added. This milestone was achieved in an HIV testing campaign being done by ADPP Mozambique through HOPE Maputo project.
"As a society, we also have a collective responsibility to fight for better HIV awareness and treatment in our country. From 2006 to 2015, the AIDS detection rate among men aged 15 to 19 years more than tripled (from 2.4 to 6.9 cases/100,000 inhabitants)".
Dr Dismas Oketch, the principal investigator with the HIV Prevention Trials and Linkage to Care Unit at the Kenya Medical Research Institute Centre for Global Health Research, attributed the deaths to lack of adherence and getting treatment late.