For the said objective, a global quest is underway to find a rare blood type. The toddler Zainab has been suffering from neuroblastoma, an aggressive form of blood cancer, and is urgently in need of transfusion and bone marrow transplant. The reason it needs such a wide-reaching effort: Zainab requires "O" or "A" blood types, and only from donors whose birth parents are 100% Iranian, Pakistani, or Indian.
In order to meet the said pre-requisites, the blood donation organisation has chose to expand its search across the globe with an aim to raise 7-10 donors to donate blood over the period of Zainab's treatment.
"We were all crying.", said Zainab's father Raheel Mughal in a video. Doctors most often diagnose the condition in children younger than the age of 5 years.
A worldwide hunt is now underway to find a rare blood type to help a 2-year-old South Florida girl battling cancer.
Zainab's red blood cells are missing a common antigen known as Indian-B, said Susan Forbes, vice president of marketing and communications for OneBlood.
Both of Zainab's parents and several relatives were tested, but no one was a match. If Zainab gets a blood donation from someone who has the antigen, her body will reject it. A person's blood is considered rare if one in 1,000 or more individuals lack the same antigen.
"We will definitely need more blood", Mughal said. Even within these ethnic groups, fewer than four percent of people have the genetic variation. Three matching donors have been located, including a donor from the United Kingdom.
The only people who are likely to be a match for Zainab are people of Pakistani, Indian or Iranian descent, OneBlood said. The girl needs to be completely supported by blood donations so she can survive the treatment that is needed to kill cancer. All donations must be coordinated in advance to ensure compatibility. "My daughter's life very much depends on the blood, so please donate the blood for my daughter".
OneBlood is working closely with other blood centers and the American Rare Donor Program (ARDP), an organization that searches the world for rare blood donors.
OneBlood, a not-for-profit organisation, is offering to co-ordinate compatibility testing anywhere in the world.