The lander returned the first ever images from the surface of the far side of the morning shortly after, with images from its descent and others cameras sent to Earth via the Queqiao relay satellite.
The first ever close-up of the moon's surface on its far side, transmitted by China's Chang'e-4 lunar probe, has appeared on front pages of numerous newspapers back on Earth.
Ye Quanzhi, an astronomer at Caltech, told the BBC this was the first time China had "attempted something that other space powers have not attempted before".
Chang'e-3, consisting of China's first moon rover Yutu and a lander, was launched in 2013.
Chinese media and officials hailed the December 8 launch of Chang'e 4 as one of the nation's major achievements in 2018. We have mastered the technology to land on the far side of the Moon, and the landing technology itself and also the data-reading technology.
The moon is "tidally locked" to Earth in its rotation so the same side is always facing Earth. The United States is the only country that has successfully sent a person to the moon.
The Chang'e-4 probe which has already sent back its first close-up pictures from the surface is carrying instruments to analyse the unexplored region's geology and will conduct biological experiments. The Chinese mission is the first to the far side, sometimes called the dark side because it is relatively unknown. There are plans for a Chang'e 5 probe to reach the moon next year and return to Earth with samples. Traveling to the far side of the moon presents certain technical challenges - namely, it makes communication harder. The far side is pockmarked by more craters and appears nearly devoid of the seas of solidified lava, known as maria, that form the shadowy shape of a face that we see from Earth.
Yu Guobin is a Chang'e 4 mission spokesman.
But those assurances failed to convince the Pentagon, which asserted in a report last August that China's space program was "central to modern warfare".
"It's a small step for the rover, but one giant leap for the Chinese nation", Wu Weiren, the chief designer of the Lunar Exploration Project, told state broadcaster CCTV, in a twist of USA astronaut Neil Armstrong's famous comment when he became the first human to walk on the moon in 1969.