Beijing cut communication with her administration, stepped up military drills, poached several of Taiwan's dwindling diplomatic allies and started economically pressuring the island. The mainland has never renounced the use of force to bring Taiwan under its control.
"We hope the worldwide community will pay attention and combine efforts to speak out on our behalf", she said.
Chinese President Xi Jinping speaks during an event to commemorate the 40th anniversary of the Message to Compatriots in Taiwan at the Great Hall of the People January 2, 2019 in Beijing, China. Professor Jonathan Sullivan of the University of Nottingham says Taiwan has nothing to gain and everything to lose from reunification, having seen what happened under the "one country, two systems" approach in Hong Kong, where publishing, news media, and pro-democratic activism began to decline.
Tensions between Taiwan and Beijing, which claims the self-governing island as part of Chinese territory, have emerged as one of the region's flash points.
The President of the Republic of China (Taiwan) Tsai Inven requested global support for the protection of democracy on the island amid new threats from China. If a democratic country under threat does not receive assistance, "we might have to ask which country might be next?". Reportedly, the main bone of contention discussed was trade conflicts and status of Taiwan with the United States.
Taiwan's livestock exports have in the past been hammered by disease outbreaks from the mainland.
The by-election was held to replace President Tsai Ing-wen (蔡英文), who resigned as DPP chairwoman November 24, 2018 in the wake of her party's heavy losses in the local government elections earlier in the day.
Analysts had said the vote for the new party head will set the tone for the run-up to next year's presidential election.
Cho, 59, secured 24,699 votes, or 72.6 percent of the total ballots, defeating Michael You, chairman of the Taiwan Public Opinion Foundation chairman, who garnered only 9,323 votes. Official results will not be announced until Wednesday. While Beijing has reacted frostily to Tsai, she is from a much more moderate wing within her party that favours talks. He beat polling specialist You Ying-lung, who has been critical of the president.
He supported a recent call by four party heavyweights for Tsai not to seek re-election in 2020.
Cho's term will run until May 19, 2020.
"A chairman who is at odds with Tsai will definitely be a minus [for the party]", he said.
Huang added that the low turnout reflected a lack of interest among DPP members after last year's election defeat.