The Government's Clean Air Strategy includes plans to ban the sale of the most polluting fuels by 2022.
A recent surge in popularity means domestic burning on stoves and open fires is now the single biggest source of particulate matter emissions. In addition to cars, diesel-only trains will also be phased out by 2040.
Responding to today's announcement, ClientEarth's head of public affairs, Simon Alcock said: 'This strategy doesn't address the huge problem of air pollution from transport that is harming people's health.
The UK was praised by the World Health Organisation for being the first major economy to adopt their recommendations.
Asked about government plans to improve air quality while on a visit to Chiang Mai, Prayuth said the government alone can not solve the smog problem because "everyone has contributed to" it.
However, Greenpeace's Thailand director Tara Buakamsri said immediate action should be taken by the authorities, including reducing the number of cars and closing schools in high-risk areas. Our ambitious strategy includes new targets, new powers for local government and confirms that our forthcoming Environment Bill will include new primary legislation on air quality.
Under the new strategy the government will provide farmers with support to invest in infrastructure and equipment to reduce emissions and will work with industry to encourage low emission, holistic farming techniques.
Our future agriculture policy will involve financial rewards and incentives to help farmers reduce their ammonia emissions.
Environment secretary Michael Gove has launched a new "world leading plan" to tackle air pollution.
Breathing toxic air could cause conditions that lead to a person's death, but records of deaths do not reflect pollution as a factor.
While the air quality has deteriorated to harmful levels over the past three days, Witsanu Attavanich, associate professor of economics at Kasetsart University said the situation was likely to remain at critical levels for no less than another month due to weather patterns and limited wind. "Action to protect people's health must be a requirement, not a 'nice to have"'.
The Thaiger publishes national air quality readings daily.
"In particular, it's good to see it includes proposals to improve access to air pollution information, something numerous patients we support ask for".
Air pollution in the greater Bangkok area was again threatening residents' health on Sunday morning.