Past winners in the environmental space include William D. Nordhaus, Al Gore, and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
Schoolchildren in Cambridge have set up an eco-council to work together to learn about, and find solutions to, the climate and ecological crisis.
The movement is just one of dozens that will happen around the world, inspired by Swedish teenager Greta Thunberg, who has been holding weekly protests in front of Sweden's parliament since August 2018.
Classrooms in capitals from Bangkok to Berlin, Lagos to London were expected to be empty, as the ambitious organisers of the student strike hoped to stage 1,000 demos in more than 100 countries.
School spokeswoman Dana Smith said parents are urged to discuss the protest with their children.
Regina students gathered to make protest signs in advance of Friday's Strike 4 Climate.
The group, made up of youngsters from six high schools across the city, is expecting 500 to 600 pupils to join the strike at Holyrood.
David L. Ryan Globe Staff Una McCoole 16 of Marblehead was one of hundreds of students rallying in front of the State House Friday afternoon
16 year-old Sabirah Mahmud says she leads a team of about 20 young people organizing the Philadelphia youth climate strike, and a rally in LOVE Park near Philadelphia's city hall.
Hochman: I want to show the country and the world that young people are going to keep taking a stand - keep showing up - until we can start ending climate change.
Students briefly stopped traffic at a pedestrian crossing chanting "System change, not climate change" and "Climate, change it back", before marching through a shopping centre.
"One can't expect children and young people to see all of the global connections, what's technically reasonable and economically possible", said the head of Germany's pro-business Free Democratic Party, Christian Lindner.
"We are the professionals and we're saying the young generation is right", said Volker Quaschning, a professor of engineering at Berlin's University of Applied Sciences. They need to know this so that they will actually do things. I am anxious that there will be more tornadoes, droughts, floods and extreme weather events. I am so, so, so grateful for what you are doing, I can't put it into words.
In Hong Kong, activists dressed up as polar bears and sharks to highlight the damage done to the environment by climate change. "This isn't a distant issue, it's something that's going to have very severe influence on us in the near future". "Why go to school if we won't have a future?" asked U.S. Youth Climate Strike leader Alexandria Villasenor in an interview with the Nation.
"We need to cause an uproar", said Maya Sprenger-Otto, an organizer and student at Washburn High School in Minneapolis, addressing a crowd of several hundred teens on the Capitol steps. "It's imperative that leaders and legislators in this Capitol recognize our deep concern for climate change".