Ukraine, Madagascar and India have been worst affected by the disease, with tens of thousands of reported cases per million people.
Measles cases rose 300% worldwide through the first three months of 2019 compared to the same period previous year, the World Health Organisation has said. "This is the second-greatest number of cases reported in the USA since measles was eliminated in 2000", the CDC said in a statement.
In 2014, the United States reported a record 667 cases, including one large outbreak primarily among unvaccinated Amish communities in OH that accounted for more than half of the cases.
Other states reporting measles cases this year include Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Missouri, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Oregon, Texas and Washington. The cases were found in 20 states spanning the country. This is because clusters of people are choosing not to vaccinate their children due to the spread of untrue anti-vax messages on social media.
While 20 states have reported cases, NY has been the epicenter.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that all children get two doses of measles vaccine, which is 97% effective.
"There is insufficient evidence of a measles epidemic or unsafe outbreak to justify the respondents' extraordinary measures, including forced vaccination", said the lawsuit, identifying the parents only by their initials. His research was found to be based on fraudulent data, the study was retracted, and the doctor lost his medical license.
"The overwhelming scientific evidence over many years and decades indicate that the vaccine, particularly the measles vaccine is very safe", Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease, told CBSN AM earlier this year.
In an opinion piece for CNN, WHO heads Henrietta Fore and Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said the world was "in the middle of a measles crisis" and that "the proliferation of confusing and contradictory information" about vaccines was partly to blame. And that measles is far from harmless.
About one out of every 1,000 children with measles will develop swelling of the brain, which can lead to convulsions and leave the child deaf or with an intellectual disability.