James Peebles was awarded half of the 9 million Swedish kronor (about $907,000) for "theoretical discoveries in physical cosmology", while the other half was split between Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz for "the discovery of an exoplanet orbiting a solar-type star".
The discoveries have forever changed our conceptions of the world, a statement from the Nobel Assembly at Sweden's Royal Academy of Sciences said. "It is just unbelievable what is going on today", he added. "It's enormous. It's beyond usual emotions".
When US scientist William Kaelin's phone began ringing at 5:00 am, he wasn't sure whether he was dreaming: Winning the Nobel Medicine Prize had always been a goal, but he also thought it was a long shot. His theoretical framework, developed since the mid-1960s, is the basis of our contemporary ideas about the universe. It triggered a revolution in astronomy.
Born in St. Boniface before it became part of Winnipeg, Peebles completed his undergraduate degree at the University of Manitoba and said part of his childhood was spent building or taking apart thing such as the clocks in his family's home. We don't know what form of perform, ' Mayor mentioned on Tuesday as he arrived in Madrid for a scientific speaking engagement. "It's just so exciting to me that someone who was in my place a long time ago was able to get to this point".
At the bottom of the age list is Malala Yousafzai, who was 17 when she was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2014. "With numerous projects planned to start searching for exoplanets, we may eventually find an answer to the eternal question of whether other life is out there", noted the press release. He talked about answering the phone before sunrise and thinking that "it's either something very wonderful or it's something awful".
Goodenough, who is considered an intellectual giant of solid state chemistry and physics, is the oldest person to ever win a Nobel Prize - edging Arthur Ashkin, who was 96 when he was awarded the Nobel for physics past year.
They "revealed the mechanism for one of life's most essential adaptive processes", the Nobel committee said. "I can't forgive him for not showing up to the scene of (his) Nobel prize".
Kaelin said it would be a lie to say he had never dreamt of winning the prize, but "you try not to let it distort your daily life significantly", and he went to bed at a normal time Sunday night, tempering his hopes, as he had done for many years on the eve of Nobel week. A reference to the show's theme song.
Scientists John Goodenough, Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino won the 2019 Nobel Prize for Chemistry on Wednesday for the development of lithium-ion batteries, an important technology in enabling the world to move away from fossil fuels.
Peebles, 84, has been retired for 20 years, but he says he has continued to research and teach at a "relaxed rate" because he enjoys it.
Nobel, a Swedish industrialist and the inventor of dynamite, determined the physics, chemistry, medication and literature prizes ought to be awarded in Stockholm and the peace prize in Oslo.
The two areas of research, cosmology and exoplanets, "really, sort of tell us something very essential - existential - about our place in the universe", Ulf Danielsson, theoretical physicist and a member of the Nobel Prize committee that selected the winners, said during an online broadcast.