On Monday, the award for Physiology or Medicine went to two Americans and one British scientist. He is now largely focused on developing all-solid-state batteries as they can offer better safety, according to Arumugam Manthiram, a longtime colleague from UT Austin.
John Goodenough of the USA - at 97 the oldest person to be awarded a Nobel prize - Britain's Stanley Whittingham, and Japan's Akira Yoshino will share the nine million Swedish kronor (about $914,000 or 833,000 euros) prize sum equally.
"The heart of the phone is the rechargeable battery".
Elaborating on the individual contributions of the three scientists, the official handle of the Nobel Prize tweeted, "Chemistry Laureate John Goodenough doubled the lithium battery's potential, creating the right conditions for a vastly more powerful and useful battery".
Goodenough is 97 years old, making him the oldest victor of a Nobel Prize.
Goodenough still works every day and said he is grateful he was not forced to retire at age 65.
"I do hope that this Nobel Prize will help give a further boost for this fascinating question when we think about life on another planet", said Prof Queloz. "Their discoveries have forever changed our conceptions of the world", the secretary-general of the academy, Goran Hansson, said. He also found that a battery made of titanium disulphide anode and cobalt oxide cathode could provide up to 4 volts when lithium ions were the charge providers, thanks to the affinity of the oxygen atoms in cobalt oxide for lithium ions.
However, the battery was too unstable to be used. That's where Yoshino's work in the 1980s came in. When in use, the ions inside the battery move from the anode to the cathode forcing the electrons to do the same, in this process the power is supplied to the smartphone.
Ever since lithium-ion batteries were launched in the market back in 1991, they have revolutionised the way humans use portable devices.
"I thought we would have to wait for a long time, so I used to say to people that it may be a long wait but we will definitely win as long as our turn comes", the 71-year-old said. "It was all a bit surreal", he told the Associated Press. He called the prize "recognition for the whole field". The three will now share a prize fund of just under €825,000 (9m Swedish krona).
The three scientists will receive a 9-million kronor ($918,000) award to be shared, a gold medal and a diploma and they will receive the prestigious prize in Stockholm on December 10, the anniversary of Nobel's death in 1896. His exact reasons for having an institution in Norway handing out the peace prize is unclear, but during his lifetime Sweden and Norway were joined in a union, which was dissolved in 1905.
This year's Nobel season kicked off on Monday with the Medicine Prize awarded to Americans William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza, and Britain's Peter Ratcliffe. "Their discoveries have also paved the way for promising new strategies to fight anemia, cancer and many other diseases".
In 1911, Marie Curie became the first scientist to receive two Nobel Prizes after she won the award in chemistry. The awards for literature, peace and economics will be announced in the next few days.
"Through his work and new ways to observe and measure our universe, cosmology evolved into a science of precision", Larsson said. "I only spoke to her briefly and said 'I got it, ' and she was so surprised that her knees nearly gave way".