The number of USA residents diagnosed with a sexually transmitted infection (STI) hit a record high in 2018, with nearly 2.46 million reported cases of chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, and other STIs, according to a CDC report released Tuesday.
The CDC's report is based on data from 2017 to 2018, and it shows a shocking number of syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia cases across the nation.
According to the group's 2018 STD Surveillance Report, cases in the USA of chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis reached a combined 2.4 million, which is an all-time high. "That progress has since unraveled". The report stated that most of those cases were among MSMs, however rates also increased among women by 30% during that time period. Texas, Nevada, Louisiana and Arizona were the only states that had congenital syphilis rates higher than California's. The state had only a single reported case from 2013 through 2017.
The CDC on Tuesday raised alarm about the increase in cases of congenital syphilis - a disease that is passed from an infected mother to her baby during pregnancy. Health officials urge these people to talk to their medical provider about testing for syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia and HIV at least once a year.
Dr. Mark Mulligan, chief of infectious diseases at NYU Langone Health in NY, who was not involved in the CDC report, told CNN, "With gonorrhea in particular we have a real threat with drug resistance". The CDC cautioned that many cases of chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis "continue to go undiagnosed and unreported", which means the data recorded only highlights "a fraction of America's STD epidemic".
In cases of Gonorrhea by state, we came in at number 5, just under SC and Alabama.
Steps such as wearing a condom and getting regularly tested are good preventative measures, according to Cate. David Harvey, executive director of the group, said there is an STI "crisis" in the United States "because prevention programs were sold short for years". Congenital syphilis can cause lifelong health complications in the unborn baby, and newborn death.