Clear geographical and ideological divisions were starkly revealed in Canada following Monday's general election that left Prime Minister Justin Trudeau's Liberal Party shut out from representation in two western provinces and facing a resurgent nationalist faction in the eastern French-speaking province of Quebec.
Trudeau, the son of the late Liberal Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau, has also had to overcome a sense of fatigue with his government. In addition, the prime minister said plans to proceed with the controversial expansion of its oil pipeline to Trans Mountain, which, despite hampered by the opposition.
Even so, Trudeau, who said he would unveil his new Cabinet on November 20, promised to move ahead with the Trans Mountain pipeline expansion, something the New Democrats and the Greens oppose but that Alberta - where the Liberals failed to win any seats - desperately wants.
Lagasse and Russell said they expect more of an ad hoc alliance rather than a coalition government - a formal agreement to govern together, or a confidence-and-supply agreement - a public document that lays out conditions of support.
"We recognize that there is a frustration with the economic challenges being faced by Albertans", he said. "Singh said his party's elected officials will now visit Ottawa to handle numerous problems, such as taking" actual and urgent action" on climate change, which makes life more affordable for Canadians and making certain that the" super-wealthy pay their fair share".
"To talk about how we can make sure that the concerns, the very real concerns of Albertans, are being addressed". That's why Fair Vote Canada is calling on the parties to launch a citizens' assembly on electoral reform and act on its recommendations.
He said he will put the introduction of a universal tax cut and legislation to expand medical assistance in dying on the front burner.
Justin Trudeau would now require at least 13 legislators from his other parties to reach the "magic number" of 170 to form a Liberal Party-led minority government in the 338-seat House of Commons. The Conservatives won 121 seats in Parliament compared with 99 in 2015.
Losing out in Monday's election was the New Democratic Party, which received 15.9 per cent of the popular vote, but only 24 seats. Jody Wilson-Raybould, the former Liberals' Attorney General and Cabinet Minister whose principled resistance triggered the SNC-Lavalin affair, got re-elected as an independent.
With almost all votes counted on Tuesday morning Scheer's Conservatives were leading or elected in 121 ridings, up only 24 seats.
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau begins his second term facing an increasingly divided Parliament and country, with his rock-star appeal from four years ago diminished by scandal and unmet expectations.
Ms. Gladu criticized Mr. Scheer's communications team and said his handling of questions on abortion, a target the Liberals exploited during the campaign, should have been dealt with earlier in the campaign.
"There's a lot of thinking to do on that, a lot of listening to Albertans as I have endeavoured to do over the past couple of years, but obviously I'm going to have to do a lot more", he said at a news conference Wednesday in Ottawa, his first since election night.
"I think it's an urbanization issue. Let us all work hard to bring our country together". "And I recognize that much of this campaign tended to be around me, and I do hold a bit of responsibility for that".
Expectations were low for NDP Leader Jagmeet Singh who had failed to impress prior to the campaign, but his affable nature stood out, his debating style won fans and his polling numbers bounced up.