The disputed land will be given to a board of trustees for the construction of a temple for Hindu god Ram. The possession, however, will remain with a central government receiver.
Earlier, authorities banned the assembly of more than four people at one place in and around Ayodhya, a town in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh.
In his condemnation statement, Maulana Fazlur Rehman said the Indian Supreme Court's decision to hand over the land of historical religious sight to Hindus, shows its narrow thinking.
The petitioners in the case had sought a review of the Supreme Court verdict which dismissed the plea which challenged India's agreement with France in the procurement of 36 Rafale fighter jets. Besides these cases, Justice Nazeer was also a part of the Supreme Court's nine-judge bench which had declared "right to privacy" as a fundamental right in the August 2017 verdict. Babri Mosque was built by Mir Baqi.
The FO expressed concern that "a process of re-writing history is underway in India in order to recast it in the image of a "Hindu Rashtra" in pursuance of the Hindutva ideology", adding that the trend is also fast affecting India's major institutions. The judgement stated that historical accounts indicate the belief of Hindus that Ayodhya was the birthplace of Lord Ram.
It comes months after Modi's government stripped the Muslim-majority Jammu and Kashmir region of its special status as a state, delivering on yet another election promise to its largely Hindu support base. As per the ruling, a temple will be constructed on the disputed site in Ayodhya while Muslims will be given an alternate land within the city.
"My appeal to the people of India is that our priority is to ensure the verdict strengthens the values of peace, equality and goodwill of our country", he said.
It said there is evidence that Ram Chabutra, Sita Rasoi were worshipped by the Hindus before the British came.
Gandhi later tendered an unconditional apology to the apex court for his "unintentional, non-wilful and inadvertent" linking of the top court order on Rafale with his "Chowkidar Chor Hai" jibe against Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Police also have detained 5,000 people with criminal backgrounds across the state to prevent them from creating trouble after the court verdict, Awasthi said.