"We have to take action, to do something, both diplomatically, and add pressure, and I think eventually trade will have to follow", United Kingdom member of the European Parliament Sheila Ritchie said.
The Act also provides terms to terminate sanctions where individuals credibly demonstrate a "significant change in behavior, [have] paid an appropriate outcome for the activity for which sanctions were imposed, and [have] credibly committed to not engage in an activity" that undermines fundamental freedoms and autonomy of Hong Kong in the future.
It allows sanctions on Chinese and Hong Kong officials for alleged human rights abuses in Hong Kong and an annual review of Hong Kong's trade status, and bans the export of certain non-lethal munitions to the territory.
Beijing spared no time to call out President Donald Trump and Congress after the passage of the two bills to tackle human rights breaches in Hong Kong before summoning Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Le Yucheng to tell U.S. Ambassador Terry Branstad that the action was "serious interference in China's internal affairs". Beijing has reacted harshly against his move.
Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Le Yucheng summoned US Ambassador to China Terry Branstad to lodge a strong protest against the US move.
China has warned of strong countermeasures and Hong Kong's government has slammed the USA move as unwarranted meddling in its affairs.
Le said China will take "countermeasures" in response to the "wrong move" taken by the USA and America must bear all the consequences that may ensue, the state-run Xinhua news agency reported.
Protesters wear a mask featuring the face of former UK Consulate employee Simon Cheung during a petition protest outside the British Consulate General in Hong Kong on November 29, 2019 in Hong Kong, China.
"It is also in serious violation of global law and basic norms governing worldwide relations".
"Relations between Japan and China have been certainly improving, but they are still fragile", the source said, adding, "Possible U.S. involvement in Hong Kong would further complicate Japan's stance on how to get along with China". "The nature of this is extremely abominable, and harbours absolutely sinister intentions", it said.
"We urge the USA not to continue going down the wrong path, or China will take countermeasures, and the United States must bear all consequences", the Chinese statement said.
"We are determined in implementing the "one country, two systems" principle and safeguarding national sovereignty, security and development interests." the Chinese statement said.