Veteran observers of United Nations climate talks were stunned by the state of play. FILE - In this March 19, 2019 file photo, the blades of wind turbines catch the breeze at the Saddleback Ridge wind farm in Carthage, Maine.
"We wanted provisions that were in the Paris agreement to remain and what we see at every COP it just seems to be another opportunity to erode those", Grenada envoy Simon Stiell said. December 13, 2019. Thunberg was named this week.
Earlier, talks president Chile triggered outrage at the summit - known as COP25 - after it drafted a version of the text that campaigners complained was so weak it betrayed the spirit of the 2015 Paris Agreement.
MADRID (AP) - Marathon worldwide climate talks ended Sunday with major polluters resisting calls to ramp up efforts to keep global warming at bay and negotiators postponing the regulation of global carbon markets until next year.
More than a day and a half after the negotiations were due to end, delegates were close to agreement on contentious issues, including how ambitious each nation is in its individual plan to fight climate change.
Here is a look at the main issues resolved, and the sticking points for future negotiations.
"But people in our countries need us".
Nearly no country came to Madrid with firm plans for more ambitious emission-reduction goals, though the COP25 presidency said that 114 countries "expressed their determination to work on updating their NDCs for 2020".
Delegates from almost 200 nations are in Madrid to finalize the rule book for the 2015 Paris agreement, which aims to limit global temperature rises to well below 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 Fahrenheit).
"I am more determined than ever to work for 2020 to be the year in which all countries commit to do what science tells us is necessary to reach carbon neutrality in 2050 and a no more than 1.5 degree temperature rise", the United Nations chief said.
That called for countries to use market mechanisms to meet goals on reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
On Saturday, countries worked on addressing the differences over the structure of global carbon trading. The draft text, lacking a definite direction on many points (be it "ambition", carrying over existing credits in carbon market or per-2020 actions), also attracted a lot flak from civil society groups who called it "disastrous and disappointing" and said it can not be acceptable.
But setting the rules for a robust and environmentally sound market and linking up existing systems is hard. It also walked back on a three-decade-old commitment from the richest industrial nations to help developing countries shoulder the costs of global warming.
Brazil has also come under fire for opposing attempts to impose gold standard accounting rules on the carbon trade.
The conference in the Spanish capital has become enmeshed in deep, technical arguments about a number of issues including the role of carbon markets and the financing of loss and damage caused by rising temperatures.
"Even if they reach an agreement it's still not enough".
The talks were backdropped by a series of alarming findings on the growing impact of climate change on our oceans, forests and glaciers - even as greenhouse gases continue to rise to record levels.
Meanwhile, some European countries, emboldened by the demands of public and youth activists, joined a call by vulnerable countries to push for strong rules that would ensure the integrity of the Paris Agreement.
Chile, which chaired the conference, chose to give it the slogan "Time for Action".
There was a message connected to the heap of manure addressed into the entire world leaders: "that the horseshit stops".
Europe and other countries had said that no deal on how to govern the exchange of carbon credits was better than one that could undermine a dozen or so existing regional mechanisms.
The PM's aide said that Pakistan has been recognised for its proactive contribution through a seat on the COP bureau as vice-president and the membership of five other important committees, including the ones on climate finance, adaptation and loss and damage. If anything, it revealed the vast gap between what countries can agree at the regional level and what the United Nations process is capable of.