Schiff declared: "We are here today, in this hallowed chamber, undertaking this for only the third time in history because Donald J Trump, the president of the United States, has acted precisely how Hamilton and his contemporaries feared".
Cipollone then demanded Nadler apologize to Trump, his family, the Senate and the American people before Justice Roberts admonished both sides "in equal terms to remember they are addressing the world's greatest deliberative body".
In between repeatedly defending himself as "the only one who's ever been impeached and he didn't commit a crime", Trump spoke up in Clinton's defense, arguing that the former president should not have been impeached in 1998 either.
McConnell had initially pushed Senate Republicans to consider a trial with no witnesses, but that ran into opposition from at least four Republicans who want to vote on whether to hear additional testimony.
As the proceedings dragged on the debates turned acrimonious with Democrats lashing out at Republicans, accusing them or participating in a cover up after the GOP voted down several of their amendments seeking documents and testimony from witnesses, a condition Democrats had been pushing for in the past weeks. His lawyers said he has relevant new information. Democrats want to subpoena him to appear in the trial but, so far, Republicans are blocking that. Still, any senator could offer a motion to dismiss the two articles.
The vote wasn't a total loss for Democrats, however. It's a reflection of the lockstep support Republicans in the House gave to a president who remains overwhelmingly popular among the party's voters. Cipollone said Republicans were excluded from the secure facility where the initial depositions for the House impeachment hearings took place, when Republican members of the House Intelligence Committee were not only present but questioned witnesses.
A Democratic official working on the impeachment team said that the managers, "unlike the president's lawyers. focused on the facts of the president's scheme and made the legal and factual case to both the senators and the American people".
"We know these documents exist", House manager Rep.
Herschmann joins a cadre of other high-profile lawyers defending Trump, including White House counsel Pat Cipollone, former Jeffrey Epstein lawyer Alan Dershowitz, and Clinton impeachment independent investigator Ken Starr, among others.
Why does it matter if senators in an impeachment trial are referred to as "jurors"? The House also didn't file any of its own motions, and House managers were expected to begin their opening arguments when the floor opened around 1 p.m., according to a Senate Democratic aide.
House impeachment managers led by veteran prosecutor Adam Schiff used the opening debate over trial procedures to lay out on national television their case against the U.S. leader, underscoring why they want the Senate to immediately issue subpoenas for new evidence and Trump aides to testify.
Potential trial witnesses could include former national security adviser John Bolton, who refused to testify in the House but has since said he would testify before the Senate if subpoenaed.
"Are we here because of a phone call, or are we here. because when the president was sworn into office there was a desire to see him removed", Mr Sekulow asked.
Senate procedure states that the presiding officer - Roberts in this case - may "rule on all questions of evidence including, but not limited to, questions of relevancy, materiality, and redundancy of evidence and incidental questions".
Senators must call and then listen to witnesses, but their responsibility doesn't end there. The credibility of the institution is on the line; if later developments show the Senate trial was a farce, that's a legacy that senators won't be able to erase - and even one that could cost some of them their seats.