THE HAGUE-The International Court of Justice on Thursday ordered Myanmar to take urgent measures to protect its Rohingya population from atrocities, a ruling hailed as a "triumph of international justice" by the tiny African country that brought the case. "While there are still several stages of the case that must happen before the court finally decides if Myanmar violated the Genocide Convention, the broader worldwide community should do everything in their power to ensure Myanmar complies with an order", Shubin added.
The State Counsellor called on the worldwide community to respect the country's judicial system, stressing that war crimes allegedly committed by government troops during the military crackdown in Rakhine in August 2017 will be prosecuted "through our military justice system".
Presiding judge Abdulqawi Ahmed Yusuf said that "the court was of the opinion that the Rohingya in Myanmar remain extremely vulnerable" and needed to be protected from further bloodshed. The case was supported by the 57-member Organisation for Islamic Cooperation, as well as Canada and the Netherlands.
At the world's largest refugee camp in Bangladesh, where the Rohingya who fled are settled, many hope for a ruling in their favour after years of persecution. A verdict on whether or not genocide occurred in 2017 may be years away.
"The ICJ decision requires Myanmar to provide a report on all measures taken within four months.This problem may come to the surface and could affect the main suit". "My guess is that that will be the case, although you never know", Willem van Genugten, professor emeritus of worldwide law at Tilburg University, told AFP.
Even so, Yasmin Ullah, a Rohingya activist who lives in Vancouver and was in court for the decision, called it a historic ruling.
He urged the Myanmar government to conform to the ICJ ruling by showing respect to the global community, thus, greatly encouraging the Rohingya refugees living in the makeshift camps in Bangladesh to return home.
The World Court's rulings are final and without appeal, but it has no real way of enforcing them. "We will keep working jointly with Myanmar in this regard". "The Myanmar government can not hide behind its powerful friends or the banner of sovereignty to escape its responsibilities under the Genocide Convention".
The decision comes despite de facto leader Aun San Suu Kyi defending her country against the accusations in person last month.
In September 2019, the United Nations-backed International Independent Fact-Finding Mission on Myanmar found that the 600,000 Rohingya remaining in Myanmar "may face a greater threat of genocide than ever".
The Tatmadaw has acknowledged carrying out "clearance operations" in the country's western Rakhine state.
Buddhist majority Myanmar says its forces have been waging a counter-terrorism operation against an armed insurgency in Rakhine state.
"The chances of Aung San Suu Kyi implementing this ruling will be zero unless significant worldwide pressure is applied", Roberts said. They did much of their work interviewing Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh.
She argued that what happened in 2017 fell short of genocide and that Myanmar should be left to deal with any human rights abuses through the court martial system. "This is their way of saying we have this impartial independent process - you need to leave domestic accountability to us", she said.
Myanmar President Win Myint said Tuesday the government "concurred" with the panel's findings and promised to pursue other investigations, specifically those pertaining to crimes allegedly committed by Rohingya militants and other civilians.