"All of these apps function via interfaces with Google Maps and create new forms of digital capitalism and commodification", the article continued.
Weckert's handcart has 99 phones in it, all with Google Maps open, and walking them around a city can let him track in real-time the change from a green road to a red one, and in turn the behavioural change in the real world as cars and drivers consequently avoid that route.
Head on over to Simon's website at the link below for more details on how he managed to fool Google Maps. Smartphones have Global Positioning System sensors onboard so Google uses data obtained anonymously to crowdsource the traffic sitution of a road. All the pings from an increasing number of phones advancing at walking speeds told Google Maps that there must be traffic on that particular street, and Google marked those streets as congested.
"Whether via vehicle or cart or camel, we love seeing creative uses of Google Maps as it helps us make maps work better over time", a spokesperson said. The insane thing about it is that the street had no traffic at all, which uncovered a major loophole on Google Maps.
"We've launched the ability to distinguish between cars and motorcycles in several countries including India, Indonesia and Egypt, though we haven't quite cracked travelling by wagon", the representative said.
Pulling a small red cart full of mobile phones, he was filmed dawdling down Berlin's empty streets as part of his artwork titled "Google Maps Hacks".
What is the relationship between the art of enabling and techniques of supervision, control and regulation in Google's maps? "They substitute political and military power in a way that represents the state borders between territories and they can repeat, legitimate, and construct the differences of classes and social self-understandings".
In 2015, Google's Map Maker had to be deleted after a virtual park was created in the shape of their logo urinating on Apple's trademark. "We appreciate seeing creative uses of Google Maps like this as it helps us make maps work better over time".