Representatives for the all-time hits leader cited the recent sign-stealing scandal that engulfed numerous players and clubs, including the 2017 World Series champion Houston Astros, in his argument to have the 1989 ruling lifted.
Rose's lawyers said his ban is disproportionate when compared to the Major League Baseball punishments levied against players who took performance-enhancing drugs and players involved in the sign-stealing scheme plot from the 2017 Houston Astros.
The Hall of Fame has a rule stipulating that any player on MLB's ineligible list can not appear on a ballot for induction.
On Wednesday, the 78-year-old asked MLB commissioner Rob Manfred to remove his name from Major League Baseball's ineligible list, Rose's lawyer, Ray Genco confirmed on a call. "Rose and another for everyone else", they write, arguing that the rules don't "distinguish his violations from those that have incurred substantially less severe penalties from Major League Baseball".
Rose had most recently applied for reinstatement in 2015, but Manfred denied that request.
It was back in 1989 when Rose was permanently banned from baseball by then-commissioner A. Bartlett Giamatti.
Rose's petition also references Jenrry Mejia, whom Manfred reinstated after he had been permanently banned from baseball after testing positive for anabolic steroids for a third time. While Rose initially denied the allegations, he admitted to betting on the Reds in a 2004 book.
Manfred rejected Rose's previous application in part because he said Rose continued to bet on baseball in Las Vegas, where he lives. "Rose's ongoing punishment is no longer justifiable as a proportional response to his transgressions", the petition reads.
Rose's petition notes that Major League Baseball did not punish players who stole signs or used performance-enhancing drugs to the same extent that he was punished. While Manfred suspended Astros manager AJ Hinch and general manager Jeff Luhnow for one year after an investigation into sign stealing - they subsequently were fired - the players involved weren't suspended. The petition notes that it has never been suggested or proven that the wagers placed by Rose impacted the outcome of games, which can not be said for players using steroids or stealing signs. But in 1985, commissioner Peter Ueberroth removed Mantle and Mays from the ineligible list, saying, "The world has changed".