But the reappointed Communities Secretary Robert Jenrick defended Mr Johnson's shake-up of the relationship between Number 10 and the Treasury which will see a new "joint" economic team make decisions.
Most East Anglian MPs with ministerial responsibilities dodged the axe during the prime minster's reshuffle but Mid Norfolk MP George Freeman was sacked from his transport brief.
He denied that Sunak would be Johnson's "puppet" after acceding to his demand for more control, calling his colleague "one of the most talented people in politics today".
Mr Javid had no words of animosity for the Prime Minister on Friday, as he faced up to being excluded from a Cabinet meeting for the first time in nearly five years.
Javid's resignation followed reports he had clashed with Johnson's powerful adviser, Dominic Cummings, a self-styled political disruptor who is mistrusted by many lawmakers and officials.
Leaving his London home, Mr Javid replied with a smile: 'Happy Valentine's Day'.
Following the shock resignation of Chancellor Sajid Javid, a new chancellor has been appointed.
Meanwhile, Salma Shah, a former adviser to Mr Javid, said it would have been "incredibly detrimental" for the former chancellor to allow Number 10 to choose his closest aides.
Downing Street refused to guarantee that next month's budget would go ahead as scheduled, with a spokesman saying only that "extensive preparations have already been carried out for the budget and they will continue at pace".
'I think that is sensible because we have a lot to do.
As well as reworking his Cabinet, Johnson appointed a new leader for the United Nations climate change conference that Britain is due to host later this year. The UK leader is seeking a team that will help him deliver his vision for Brexit.
Out of 26 ministers attending the meeting of the PM's top team, just seven are women - down from eight - and there are fewer women in the most senior roles.
Anne-Marie Trevelyan joined the cabinet after picking up Sharma's previous role as global development secretary, having previously been a defence minister. Others were promoted, including Suella Braverman to the position of attorney general and Anne-Marie Trevelyan to the post of global development secretary.
Javid will be replaced by his deputy Rishi Sunak.
Julian Smith has also been dismissed as the Secretary for Northern Ireland.
The government said Thursday that Alok Sharma, previously in charge of worldwide development, would become business secretary and also take charge of COP26.
Former Brexit minister Suella Braverman returns to the government as attorney general.