The coronavirus outbreak could kill 100,000 to 200,000 Americans, the USA government's top infectious-disease expert warned on Sunday, as authorities urged people in and around the nation's deadliest hot spot, New York City, to limit their travel to contain the scourge.
In Detroit, which has a large low-income population, the death toll rose to 31 with about 1,400 infections in a rate that shocked health officials.
French medical unions are demanding more face-masks and other protective gear.
From snorkel masks to 3D-printed face shields, creative solutions have popped up around the globe in efforts to plug the gap as factories rush to keep up with worldwide demand.
"It's abysmal", said Andrew, a psychiatry resident in a NY hospital who spoke on condition his name be changed.
Some leaders warn the worst is yet to come as governments roll out new containment measures and rescue packages aimed a staunching the bloodletting of economies everywhere. Italy has suffered the most deaths from the virus epidemic and was the first Western country to introduce severe restrictions on movement after uncovering the outbreak just over five weeks ago. But the number of new infections showed signs of easing, with officials expressing cautious optimism that the most severe shutdown in the industrialized West is showing results.
While Johnson initially said the shutdown would last three weeks, a leading expert warned it could be in place until June.
US President Donald Trump will hold a press conference at 10am NZT time with the latest information on Covid-19 in the US. Vietnam has already quarantined almost 60,000 people who entered from virus-infected nations. The United States overtook both China and Italy last week for number of reported cases.
"We have no money to pay, we have to eat", someone reportedly shouted at the cashiers in a Palermo supermarket, according to La Repubblica newspaper.
Spain, meanwhile, toughened its nationwide lockdown on Saturday, halting all non-essential activities as it stepped up its fight against the deadly pandemic that has so far claimed 5,690 lives across the country.
Lombardy, the hardest hit Italian region, reported a rise in deaths of around 416 on Sunday.
In the ground zero-city of Wuhan, however, life is creeping back to normal.
Two months of nearly total isolation appear to have paid off in Wuhan.
"But now it doesn t seem this way".
Second only to Italy in fatalities, Spain also saw infections rise to 78,799 from 72,248 the day before.
Trump decided late Saturday against imposing a broad lockdown on NY and its neighbours after a strong pushback from local political leaders and warnings of the panic it could spark.
Spain and Italy alone account for more than half of the world's death toll and are still seeing over 800 deaths a day each. Of the 2,147 deaths, more than a quarter - 672 - were in New York City.
One of the fatalities announced Saturday was that of a Chicago infant less than a year old, marking an extremely rare case of juvenile death in the pandemic.
Spain and Italy demanded more European help as they fight still-surging coronavirus infections amid the continent's worst crisis since World War II.
Variations in testing regimes - and delays in providing sufficient tests in some countries - mean the true number is likely far higher.
Madrid remains the worst-hit region, with 2,757 deaths and 21,520 infections, leaving hospitals and mortuaries on the brink of collapse, with officials working to open a second temporary morgue in an unused public building near the airport to house the dead.