"Russia's implementation and violation of Open Skies, however, has undermined this central confidence-building function of the Treaty - and has, in fact, fueled distrust and threats to our national security - making continued USA participation untenable", he added.
The Trump administration has announced it is pulling the USA out of an 18-year-old treaty of more than 30 nations that permits unarmed observation flights over each other's territory.
In Moscow, Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Alexander Grushko criticized the US decision.
"During the course of this review, it has become abundantly clear that it is no longer in America's interests to remain a party to the Open Skies treaty", one official was quoted by the Reuters news agency as saying.
"There are some compliance problems with the treaty, but experts and our allies believe they can and must be solved", Tierney said.
Leading congressional Democrats have urged the administration not to pull out of the treaty.
Russia's designation of an Open Skies refueling airfield in Crimea, Ukraine, is similarly an attempt to advance its claim of purported annexation of the peninsula, which the United States does not and will never accept. Russia has also illegally placed a restriction on flight distance over Kaliningrad, despite the fact that this enclave has become the location of a significant military build-up that Russian officials have suggested includes short-range nuclear-tipped missiles targeting North Atlantic Treaty Organisation.
The administration says it wants out of the Open Skies Treaty because Russian Federation is violating the pact, and imagery collected during the flights can be obtained quickly at less cost from United States or commercial satellites.
Washington informed the other 33 parties to the treaty on Thursday of its intention to serve the six month notice of withdrawal. He has until February to extend it for up to five years.It is the last remaining restraint on deployments of United States and Russian strategic nuclear warheads and delivery systems to no more than 1,550 each.
Senior administration officials said Trump last fall ordered a comprehensive review of the costs and benefits of US participation in the Open Skies Treaty.
In a classified State Department memo obtained by Newsweek, called "Open Skies Treaty-Demarche to Allies and Partners on U.S. Withdrawal", Secretary of State Mike Pompeo sent talking points to all NATO posts and U.S. embassies in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Finland, Georgia, Sweden, and Ukraine that laid out the reasons for the withdrawal. Effective six months from tomorrow, the United States will no longer be a party to the Treaty.
Grushko, who is the deputy minister overseeing relations with NATO and the European Union, said Trump was trying to justify the exit from a "fundamental treaty" via "technical issues" that should be resolved within the treaty.
The Open Skies idea was first proposed by former US President Dwight Eisenhower in 1955, but it was initially rejected by Moscow. Thirty-four nations have signed it; Kyrgyzstan has signed but not ratified it.
More than 1,500 observation flights have been conducted under the treaty.
Trump has insisted China be included in what is now a bilateral agreement between Washington and Moscow, and continued to state his belief that "we're probably going to make a deal with Russian Federation".
"I absolutely can not see a single upside to abandoning this treaty against the advice and wishes of our allies, other than for the people who never liked this treaty and don't like the idea of the transparency and openness the treaty provides", Bell added.
"The United States made a decision to cut down one more multi-party treaty on arms control, this time, the one that was initiated by the United States itself", Ulyanov said. "I don't know which they'll do, but neither is good for North Atlantic Treaty Organisation", the source said.