"A lot of people think Antarctica is just snow and penguins". As the planet warms, the ice in Antarctica is slowly melting, creating a slushy environment which is the flawless environment for this algae to thrive.
Researchers found that nearly two-thirds of the blooms were on small, low lying islands, and said that as the Antarctic Peninsula warms due to rising global temperatures, these islands could lose their summer snow cover and algae - although in terms of mass the majority of snow algae is found in areas where they can spread to higher ground when snow melts.
Although often considered devoid of plant life, Antarctica is home to several types of algae, which grow on slushy snow and suck carbon dioxide from the air.
He said: "This is a significant advance in our understanding of land-based life on Antarctica, and how it might change in the coming years as the climate warms".
If the algae continue to grow, it could have a wider positive impact on Earth.
Above: Researcher Andrew Gray geo-tagging snow algae blooming on Anchorage Island, near Davis Station, Antarctica in 2018. The researchers used satellite images from the European Space Agency taken between 2017 and 2019, and combined those with observations they made themselves in a trip to Antarctica's Ryder Bay, Adelaide Island, the Fildes Peninsula, and King George Island.
However, while an increase in snowmelt could lead to more algae growing, Gray told CNN that the distribution of the organisms is heavily linked to bird populations, whose excrement acts as a fertilizer to accelerate growth.
More than 60 percent of the green snow blooms analyzed by scientists were found within a few miles of penguin colonies, and many other large blooms were identified near the nesting sites of other bird species.
They found most of the blooms were on small, low-lying islands that are expected to lose their summer snow under warmer global temperatures. The team found that the green blooms are mostly occurring on snow around the Antarctic coastline, particularly on islands along the west coast of the Antarctic Peninsula.
"As Antarctica warms, we predict the overall mass of snow algae will increase", Researchers have said.
Photosynthesis is the process in which plants and algae generate their own energy, using sunlight to capture carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and release oxygen.
Describing the algae map as a missing piece of the carbon cycle jigsaw in the Antarctic, Matt Davey, one of the scientists on the team said, "It's a community".