Late last week, China announced it was planning to pass legislation that would criminalize treason, secession, sedition and subversion against the central Beijing government and permit central government security forces to perform national security duties in the region.
"This has caused serious harm to China's national security, and threatened the "one country, two systems" principles", Wang told reporters at the National People's Congress.
"If the law is implemented, the core values of Hong Kong's democratic freedom and judicial independence will be severely eroded", she said, stating it "seriously threatens Hong Kong".
Over the previous year, the protests in Hong Kong grew violent as the bottom-up movement to resist the extradition treaty to mainland China expanded in support. They later fired a water cannon at the demonstrators.
Nevertheless, China has slowly undermined the agreement in many ways over the course of the following years leading to mass protests that turned violent. After most of the activists scattered Sunday, police remained on the streets of downtown, with some people shouting "communist thugs" at them.
They chanted slogans such as "Fight for freedom".
"Aside from the devastation caused by the novel coronavirus, there is also a political virus spreading through the U.S.", said Wang.
"I'm anxious about my future, but it is pointless to think of that now", said a protester who gave only her last name, Fong, for fear of arrest.
He was Britain's lead negotiator in the talks that led to the Joint Declaration, an global treaty meant to guarantee political and economic freedoms in Hong Kong until 2047.
The biggest erosion of Hong Kong autonomy since China took control of the former British colony in 1997 has alarmed democracy advocates and foreign businesses who fear the city will lose its independence from the mainland. "If every one of us can do a little bit more, I hope we can bring changes to the society".
"We keep on kidding ourselves that unless we do everything that China wants we will somehow miss out on great trading opportunities. We can not just keep ourselves quiet and take whatever they give to us".
The rally was initially organised against a controversial national anthem bill, which is due for a second reading at the Legislative Council on Wednesday.
"An NPC announcement that it will bypass the Hong Kong legislative process to enact a Hong Kong security law may jeopardize future prospects for worldwide business, particularly if a long list of details are not spelled out and clarified", AmCham said on Friday. What was agreed, instead, was that Hong Kong would be allowed to maintain its rule of law, enjoy rights of speech and assembly, and make its own decisions about its future. "And it does not affect the legitimate rights and interests of foreign investors in Hong Kong", Wang said.
"I think Hongkongers are very frustrated because we didn't expect this to come so fast and so rough".
It describes Beijing's plans - which include setting up Chinese government intelligence bases in Hong Kong - as a "flagrant breach" of the Sino-British Joint Declaration, under which Hong Kong returned to Chinese rule in 1997.
President Donald Trump's national security adviser, Robert O'Brien, said it appeared that China was violating the treaty.
The US, Australia, Britain, Canada and others have expressed concerns about the legislation, widely seen as a potential turning point for China's freest city and one of the world's leading financial hubs.
China's announcement also drew criticism from U.S. officials. It will then be forwarded to the NPC's Standing Committee, China's top legislature, which is expected to finalise and enact the law by the end of June. "We need to have a review across government and get real".