The U.N. Stability Council on Saturday passed a resolution authorizing a Syrian assist application that will supply aid to the rebel-held northwest by way of just a person border crossing - immediately after previous efforts to authorize extra crossings were being torpedoed by vetoes from Russian Federation and China.
"It is a matter of deep concern that the resolution adopted after repeated vetoes by Russian Federation and China authorises only one crossing point out of the two previously available to the UN", Borrell and Lenarcic said in a joint statement.
The Security Council vote that one crossing from Turkey has been 12-0, together with Russia, China and the Dominican Republic abstaining.
Deputy permanent representative of Russian Federation to the UN Dmitry Polyansky said: "I want to assure you that Russian Federation has consistently advocated in support of the delivery of humanitarian aid to Syria, with respect for the sovereignty and territorial integrity, and in coordination with the legitimate authorities".
"The cynical and cruel maneuvering of Russian Federation with China's support is one more tragic example of the broken United Nations humanitarian system, and a defamation of the Security Council's charter", Susannah Sirkin, director of policy at the USA -based Physicians for Human Rights, said in a statement".
The two permanent members and veto power holders insisted on one crossing, arguing that the affected areas could be reached with humanitarian help from within Syria. It will renew the Syrian cross-border aid program, which expired Friday, but only via a single border crossing in the northwest. They wanted the resolution to include certain language that Western negotiators said blamed the humanitarian crisis on United States sanctions against Assad's regime.
In January Moscow succeeded in having the crossing points reduced from four to two and in limiting the authorisation to six months instead of a year. Additionally, it rejected a change from China.
European countries and the USA want to maintain two crossing points on the Turkish border - at Bab al-Salam, which leads to the Aleppo region, and Bab al-Hawa, which serves the Idlib region.
"Russia is consistently in favour of humanitarian deliveries to Syria with full respect of countries sovereignty and territorial integrity, and with coordination of its legal government". For many of those votes, Moscow has been backed in the UNSC by China, which has vetoed 10 council resolutions.
"To be crystal clear, today's outcome leaves us sickened and outraged at the reduction of the Bab Al Salam and Al Yaroubia border crossings. This issue should not be politicised". Their quest to close one critical border crossing "is one more tragic example of the broken United Nations humanitarian system, and a defamation of its Charter", Sirkin said.
"Behind these secured gates are countless girls, children, and those who thought the world had discovered their pleas. Their wellness and welfare are now at great threat", she explained.
"This solemn victory must not end our struggle to address the mounting human needs in Syria - that fight is far from over", Craft said.
In desperation, many Syrians might have no choice but to try to flee to Europe as they did in 2015, Mr Beasley said. "It's a sad day for this particular council, but largely, it's a sad day for the Syrian people of the region.", they stated.
The vote is seen as a victory for Russian Federation, the Syrian government's most important ally. "Both the Yarubiyah and Bab al-Salam were critical crossings to provide, at the most effective method possible, the diplomatic assistance, those people today deserve".
Germany and Belgium said in a joint statement after the vote: "One border crossing is not enough, but no border crossings would have left the fate of an entire region in question".