By the end of 2018, around 130,000 people in Australia were living with chronic hepatitis C and more than 226,000 Australians were living with chronic hepatitis B. According to the WHO, "There are five main strains of the hepatitis virus - A, B, C, D and E. Together, hepatitis B and C are the most common cause of deaths, with 1.3 million lives lost each year". A pregnant mother with Hepatitis B may also pass on the disease to her child. However, these are transmitted by consuming contaminated food and water and can cause significant outbreaks.
World Health Organization is issuing today 2 new recommendations: Pregnant women who test positive for hepatitis B infection and have a high level of HBV in the blood (known as HBV viral load) should receive preventive antiviral therapy with tenofovir from the 28th week of pregnancy until birth. Viral hepatitis is one of the leading causes of death globally, accounting for 1.34 million deaths per year - that's more than HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis or malaria.
Many adults and older people today, consume alcohol excessively which may cause liver damage and inflammation and it's associated with non-infectious hepatitis. An estimated 15 million people, said the health experts, are carrying the infection and spreading it to other people unknowingly. Cancerous tumors are risky because they begin to damage healthy cells that make up the organ and impair the liver's functionality.
Last year, the South African government also acknowledged the day saying that it provides an opportunity to focus on specific actions such as strengthening prevention, screening and control of viral hepatitis and its related diseases, increasing hepatitis B vaccine coverage and integration into national immunisation programmes and coordinating a global response to hepatitis. It also leads to hepatocellular carcinoma or cancer of the liver, which is a serious illness, and in most cases, it leads to death if a liver transplant is not performed. Although vaccination for HCV is now unavailable, antiviral medicines can cure HCV infection.
To avoid getting infected with hepatitis, maintain proper hygiene, practice safe sex and avoid contact with contaminated persons, equipment and blood. The diagnosis usually involves a physical examination, liver function tests, and blood tests to determine the type and load of the virus in the body.
Though many people do not experience any symptoms of hepatitis A, those who do, go through signs including jaundice, nausea, abdominal pain, and low appetite.
"There are 350,000 people in Turkey who need to receive hepatitis treatment".
You can easily get involved with World Hepatitis Day. Hepatitis can be diagnosed with some tests. "In the early stage of infection, people may not have any symptoms and therefore it is common for people not to be aware that they carry the virus or have the disease", she said. He hoped a vaccine for Covid-19 would be found soon.