Perseverance is created to search for astrobiological evidence of ancient microbial life on Mars. The United Arab Emirates and China individually this month launched probes to Mars in shows of their have technological prowess and ambition.
Should everything go according to plan, Perseverance will touch down at the 28 mile wide (45 kilometers) Jezero Crater on February 18th, 2021.
Watch the launch on NASA's website.
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (AP) - The summer's third and final mission to Mars - featuring NASA's most elaborate life-hunting rover - is on the verge of liftoff.
Previous rovers, including Curiosity, have shown that the Red Planet was "habitable", i.e. that the conditions thought to be conducive to the appearance of life (carbon, water, favorable climate) were present about 3.5 billion years ago. "Because Mars has surprised us on every mission in terms of what we've seen".
Perseverance is carrying 23 cameras and two microphones, along with several other scientific instruments that will be used to study the Martian environment and search for signs of ancient life. A plutonium generator will recharge its batteries.
NASA is established to start an formidable mission to Mars on Thursday with the liftoff of its upcoming-era Perseverance rover, a six-wheeled robot tasked with deploying a mini helicopter, screening out gear for future human missions and looking for traces of past Martian existence. (The launch window extends until mid-August.) Hitching a ride on the bottom of the rover Perseverance is a miniature helicopter called Ingenuity.
Ingenuity is making history as the "first aircraft to attempt controlled flight on another planet", a demonstration of technology NASA is comparing to the Wright Brothers' flight in 1903. The rotors have to spin at 2,4000 revolutions a minute to generate lift in the thin atmosphere of Mars, just 1% as dense at Earth's at the surface. Like the rovers namesake, the plaque is a tribute to the perseverance of first responders and healthcare workers from around the globe, featuring the classic "snake entwined rod" symbol of healing and medicine. The duration of the mission is expected to be at least one Mars year which is equivalent to 687 days on Earth.